Battle of Bentonville: Largest Civil War Battle in North Carolina, . Hatteras Inlet Batteries (also known as Forts Clark and Hatteras)  ), 94 Printed below bar scale: Engineer Bureau, January 1865. google_ad_height = 280; The letter was addressed to Kysar J. Stark of Grannville county, North Carolina, whose son James (“Jimmie”) T. Stark served in Co. E, 46th North Carolina Infantry, and was wounded on 5 May 1864 in the Battle of the Wilderness. //-->. 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-36092047-1']); The fertile Piedmont region provided crops for the Confederate forces, and in 1865, Wilmington provided the only access to European trade. Sales@researchonline.net. /* US American Civil War */ Date: April 17–20, 1864  Sources: Jordan, Weymouth T., Jr. Major Thomas Jones Wood, (CSA) (1840 - 1926) Biography Major Thomas Jones Wood was born on March 1, 1840, in Randolph County, North Carolina… This fight in Johnston County was the largest battle fought in North Carolina and the only major attempt to stop Sherman after he captured Atlanta in September 1864. Date: December 7–27, 1864  google_ad_client = "ca-pub-2111954512596717"; However, some 24,000 of these men deserted their military units. Civil War Artifacts Harper House (on the site) served as a Union field hospital during the battle… Our Catalog; Date: June 5, 1862  02 The largest land engagement in North Carolina and one of the last conflicts of the Civil War was fought here March 19 through 21, 1865. : Major General Robert Hoke  CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS AND SAILORS SYSTEM; North Carolina Battles from Dyer's Compendium. The city of Wilmington had an important port. Principal commanders: U.S.: Rear Admiral David D. Porter and Major General Benjamin Butler; C.S. Included in this list are all the major battle and many of the minor battles for each state. Outcome: Union victory, South Mills (also known as Camden)  Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside [US]; Brig.   Gettysburg Gettysburg may be the classic Civil War battlefield, and it is easy to see why. /* The Civil War */ Chapel Hill: University Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing, 5 East Edenton Street Tuesday–Saturday: 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. for the general public Outcome: Union victory, Workshop Introduction Between 33,000 and 35,000 died in battle, of wounds, or of disease between 1861 and 1865. Estimated casualties: 773 (U.S., 3; C.S., 770)  Battle of Bentonville: Sherman's March to Bentonville Site search Estimated casualties: 10,500 (U.S., 7,500; C.S., 3,000)  Returning to North Carolina, the 61st was prominent in the Battle of Bentonville. Part of the military department of the South, embracing portions of Georgia and South Carolina, and part of the military department of North Carolina LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed. Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie, in 1860-'61. , Rural area with a smaller population and fewer soldiers. Battle of Bentonville: The Last Flag of Truce In 1993, the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission (CWSAC) reported to Congress and the ABPP on their extensive analysis of significant battles and battlefields. Location: Hoke County  FAQs Battle of Bentonville: A Brief Synopsis The Battle of Plymouth, April 17-20, 1864, was the last major Confederate victory of the Civil War and the third largest battle fought in North Carolina. : Major General D. H. Hill  Early in the American Civil War (1861-1865), Union forces were deployed to blockade North Carolina's coast and then occupy the islands in order to strangle Southern-friendly-shipping and control the deep-water rivers that fed the "sounds." The hallmark of the visitors center is a large fiber-optic map exhibit, which provides instant spatial orientation for visitors to the battlefield. In the spring of 1865, the state witnessed the largest battle to take place within its borders, as Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston attacked Union forces under the command of Major General William T. Sherman at Bentonville on March 19, 1865. : Major General D. H. Hill  Principal commanders: U.S.: Brigadier General Judson Kilpatrick; C.S. Location: Craven County  It was called the Battle of Olustee and was fought on February 20, 1864. During the American Civil War, North Carolina provided at least 125,000 soldiers to the Confederacy, and the Tar Heel State recruited more soldiers than any Southern state. Gen. Henry Wise [CS] Forces Engaged: 10,500 total (US 7,500; CS 3,000) ResearchOnLine. Co., c1997-2000) FHL 973 M29h v. 1 through v. 31; Weaver, Jeffrey C. "North Carolina Civil War Home Page" [database on-line]. North Carolina also sent the most soldiers into battle of any Southern state. Outcome: Union victory, Wyse Fork (also known as Wilcox’s Bridge, Wise’s Fork, Second Kinston, Second Southwest Creek, and Kelly’s Mill Pond)  Outcome: Union victory, Kinston  North Carolina seceded from the Union in May of 1861. Date: March 10, 1865  Estimated casualties: 4,738 (U.S., 1,646; C.S., 3,092)  Location: Craven County  The largest battle fought in North Carolina and the last major Confederate offensive of the war took place here. The biggest battles which took place in NC were in the eastern half of the state. Many North Carolinians fought for the Confederate States … Date: December 14, 1862  Date: February 7–8, 1862  Last Name: First Name: This index contains the names and unit of service of 195,000 men who served in the Civil War from North Carolina. //-->, Largest Civil War Battle of Bentonville History, The Battle of Bentonville Outcome: Union victory, Fort Anderson (also known as Deep Gully)  To learn more about North Carolina's role in the Civil War and experience North Carolina Civil War Trails, take a moment on www.visitnc.com to enjoy the sites new Civil war Experience, entitled And the Last Shall Be First. The following list is from AmericanCivilWar.com and Civil War Battle Summaries by State. Following is a list of civil war battles organized by the states in which they occurred. After losing the war, North Carolina rejoined the United States in 1868. : Colonel Ambrose Wright  Estimated casualties: 150  Plan your next trek through the Tar Heel State and be sure to explore as many of these top sites as you can. The Battle of Bentonville served as the largest engagement on North Carolina soil and represents Johnston’s last stand against Sherman’s army. White  var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; More than 620,000 died in the Civil War and approximately 40,000 were North Carolinians. North Carolina takes down Confederate Civil War battle flag after protest ... may now be moved across the street from the Capitol and housed in the North Carolina Museum of History. Did you know that the largest surrender of a Confederate army occurred in North Carolina? })(). Estimated casualties: 2,834  Although most major battle engagements occurred in other states, North Carolina played an important role during the American Civil War. Principal commanders: U.S.: Major General William T. Sherman and Major General Henry Slocum; C.S. Outcome: Union victory, Roanoke Island (also known as Fort Huger)  Christmas Eve, and Christmas Day. This book represents a detailed analysis of the North Carolina's role in the Civil War. Ferguson lost and was killed in the battle, which forced Cornwallis to retreat from Charlotte, North Carolina. Principal commanders: U.S.: Major General John Schofield; C.S. Principal commanders: U.S.: Brigadier General John G. Foster; C.S. The exact location of the battle is unknown, but it is thought to have been the last exchange of gunfire east of the Mississippi River during the Civil War. Battle of Bentonville: Medical Treatment for the Wounded. Outcome: Union victory, Monroe’s Cross Roads (also known as Fayetteville Road and Blue’s Farm)  The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) was established within the United States National Park Service to classify the preservation status of historic battlefield land. While many North Carolina troops surrendered with Robert E. Lee at Appomattox, the largest Confederate troop surrender was negotiated here in North Carolina at Bennett Place in Durham, North Carolina, where I'm standing today. Estimated casualties: 220  (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Try the Search Engine for Related Studies: Battle of Bentonville Largest However, soldiers from the state served in both the Union and Confederate armies. Principal commanders: U.S.: Brigadier General John G. Foster; C.S. Location: Pitt County  Date: May 5, 1864  Result (s): Confederate victory For Additional Research. In North Carolina, the reaction to Abraham Lincoln's election to the presidency was unlike that of the large slaveholding states in the Lower South. Outcome: Confederate victory, Fort Fisher  Teaching with Primary Sources Campbell, of North Carolina Press, 1996; Bradley, Mark L. Last Stand in the Carolinas: The Battle of Bentonville. More than 125,000 Tar Heel males, young and old, served the Confederacy. Estimated casualties: 150  "The Civil War in North Carolina" was published in 1963 – 100 years after the Battle of Gettysburg, in the midst of the Civil War Centennial, at a time when the American reading public’s appetite for Civil War-related material seemed inexhaustible. (Wilmington, North Carolina : Broadfoot Pub. Outcome: Inconclusive, Bentonville  Estimated casualties: 40  More than 620,000 died in the Civil War and approximately 40,000 were North Carolinians. The regiment was assigned to Gordon’s Brigade, Hampton’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, known as the North Carolina Cavalry Brigade. 1990; Hughes, Nathaniel Cheairs. The Roster of Union soldiers, 1861-1865. Battle of Bentonville: Caring for the Casualties : Colonel William F. Martin  Principal commanders: U.S.: Brigadier General John G. Parke; C.S. Estimated casualties: 1,419  Other Names: Fort Huger. Outcome: Inconclusive, Fort Fisher  google_ad_width = 336; Date: March 7–10, 1865  Though there were many important battles over the course of the Civil War, Union victory at the Battle of … Bentonville: The Final Battle of Sherman and Johnston. Principal commanders: U.S.: Rear Admiral David D. Porter and Major General Alfred Terry; C.S. Estimated casualties: 100  The Battle of Bentonville was fought March 19-21 and was the largest battle fought in the Old North State. 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