your rental contract/ title deeds (escritura). Unlike the registration certificate that is How long is the EEA/Swiss citizens residency card valid for? Minors and people with some forms of disability are exempt. How long does this nationality take to be processed? Where Applying for a Spanish residence permit can be time-consuming, stressful and difficult. In which registry will my Spanish residency be incorporated? EEA (European Union countries plus Iceland, Leichtenstein and Norway) nationals and Swiss citizens are allowed to live and work in Spain on a permanent basis without a visa. Thus, the Ministry of Justice will be the institution in charge of evaluating if you meet the necessary requirements to become Spanish and thus obtain your DNI. A foreigner who marries a Spanish citizen or a resident is entitled to Spanish residency. You can only be Spanish citizen if you have the citizenship. From the 50s to the 80s, if you married a Spanish citizen, you could directly acquire the nationality from your partner. The temporary residency under the Marriage Category is valid for one year. If you want to invest in Spain in order to get a residence permit the investment must reach the 500.000€. Civil ceremonies are only possible if at least one of the marrying couple is a Spanish citizen, or at least one of you meets the 2 year residency requirement. Rambla de Catalunya 124, 08008, Barcelona (Spain). The legal representatives of children under 14 years of age. have passed? Required fields are marked *. There are also options in place for investors and entrepreneurs. The purchase can be made by an individual or through … That is a doubt many people who are married to a Spanish citizen have. What documents do I need to bring when applying for Spanish Residency? Holders of For residents under this scheme, no physical residence or place of abode is required to apply for a PR status. Where do I register for Spanish Residency? Jede in Spanien lebende Person stolpert früher oder später über Begriffe wie Aufenthalt, Wohnsitz, N.I.E, Residencia usw. – If you are already a resident in The reduction to a single year would not be applicable in those cases. Yes, criminal records in Spain and in Remember that all foreign documents must have legal validity in Spain. To do this, you must show that you have been living legally in the country for five years. To help … A full guide to Residency and Nationality Options in Spain Read More Process for non-EEA/Swiss citizens to obtain permanent residency in Spain, 4. You do not have to wait until the original card has expired. Spain is a dream for permanent and temporary relocation. 3. Spain is a dream for permanent and temporary relocation. When you make your application, you must present several supporting documents depending on your situation (employee, self-employed, job seeker, pensioner, student, etc.). Both exams are carried out by the. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. What do I need to do if I am working in Spain as an EEA/Swiss citizen? Process for EU/EEA and Swiss citizens to obtain permanent residency rights in Spain, 2. Permanent residency. Pensioners may comply with this condition by providing certification of their healthcare from the state from which they receive a pension. You must pay the fees for processing your residency and work permits. f) Be Spanish originally, but have lost Spanish nationality. Making a significant contribution to scientific innovation and / or technology. Can i buy a property here without having a job contract so my pakistani spouse could obtain Spain residency? What are the requirements and documents necessary to apply for citizenship by marriage? Basically we are talking about a card that has 5 years of validity, and that can be renewed indefinitely. Towards the end of their 5th year of continuous legal residence your non-EU family members should apply for a permanent residence card in the EU country where you live.. Obtaining permanent residency through marriage is very common and the paperwork flow is usually quick and painless as the government is all prepared to process your paperwork — IF you file it! Obtaining permanent residency or green card status through marriage is one of the most common ways of gaining legal residency in the United States. If you plan to stay in Spain for more than 90 days then you must register to obtain your Residence permit (Residencia in Spanish). – Justification the merit on which the petition is based. In some areas, registered local residents also benefit from deductions on local taxes and inheritance tax. Spanish citizenship by marriage. The permanent residency will entitle you to live and work in Spain indefinitely. Naturalization in Spain is a highly bureaucratic process and usually requires ten years of solid residence … You need it to buy a property, buy a car, hire facilities, pay taxes, get a phone or utility contract, make official claims. You receive your certificate of permanent residence in Spain within three months of your application. Find out how we can help you now. Requirements and Documents Needed for the Application. These are in cases of marriage with a Spanish person or in case of child of a Spanish person, where one can become a Spanish citizen sooner than the general process. – If you are not a resident at the 2. The general rule Legal residents of Spain are subject to the same type of colonoscopy-by-the-taxman charade that US citizens are, and becoming a naturalized Spaniard through residence is a pain. 5. However, dealing with Spanish bureaucracy can be a nightmare, especially when it comes to getting your Spanish residency in order. When the marriage rites have been completed and you are both married legally, then it is time to apply for permanent residency. find a job and your employer needs to start the process. 1. Padrón? We give you conditional permanent resident status when you are either admitted to the United States on an immigrant visa or adjust your status to that of a permanent resident. – Documentation that proves the citizen has sufficient funds for their period of residence in Spain. If you are not a resident in Spain -If you are not a resident of Spain and living in Spanish territory: at the Immigration Office in the province where you have your residential address. Spain, you can present the application personally or through representation. Also if I can buy a property, how much do i need to invest in order for my spouse to be able to obtain Spain’s residency? This card must be valid during the legal application period, very important. Therefore this visa allows you to start your application for a residence permit/card. You must be able to support yourself through work or own wealth. In addition, being registered gives you the right to vote in local and European elections. If you married a permanent resident in Canada or a Canadian citizen, this country opens its doors, granting the visa that lets you stay in this country which is full of opportunities. Failing to do so within this will invalidate the visa. time of submitting the application, you must submit the application personally. Becoming a resident in Spain may cause changes to your fiscal status. Further documentation may also be required. you live outside the country for more than two consecutive years. There are two types: the EU permanent card, and the general one. employer has initiated your application for a working visa, you have one month to complete the application After 5 years residence in any EU land then under EU rules you can request permanent residency. If you decide to live in Spain, you are eligible for permanent residency after 5 years. But, the chances of anyone get a positive result are usually very tin since the competition has grown very stiff. Both Spanish citizenship and permanent residency allow you to stay living in Spain, but some differences … – Demonstrate the possession of sufficient economic means. In this case, it will be about 150% of the IPREM, about € 800 per month. Here you can find an official list of nationals who do not A tourist visa is commonly valid for stays of no more than 90 days. 2.2. (3) Certicate of local residence (padrón) from your local town council. gracias.. ¡Mándanos un mail a info@immigrationspain.es y te ayudaremos! The resident’s unmarried children or those of the spouse or partner, including adopted children. To maintain your residence status, you will be required to visit Spain at least once per year. Although all three are considered permanent cards, the Tarjeta de Larga Duración and the Tarjeta de Larga Duración-UE or EC have to be renewed every five years. purpose of your stay: If you’re planning to live and work in Spain you need to have a work visa in place before you arrive. Or to the projection of Spain abroad. The permanent residency is the status that enables non-EU citizens who have been living in Spain continuously and legally for 5 years to obtain an indefinite residence situation. Moreover, it is important to have a joint registration (empadronamiento) with a spouse, report your income resources, register with the consulate of your country, have no previous criminal records, and be integrated in Spanish society. Which documents do non-EEA/Swiss family members need to show when applying for residency? Residence permit provides the right of long stay in the country, it can be extended, and then get permanent residence! At this point, the Canadian government has to be convinced that your marriage is not a sham and that your intentions for marrying a citizen are not just to obtain permanent residence … Contact us now to find out how we can make the paperwork and procedures quick and easy. Note that time spent as a student does not count as part of the 10 years. 2. Unlike fiancée visa applicants, those applying for a UK spouse visa based on marriage to a British citizen or legal permanent resident, or an unmarried partner visa based on a de facto relationship, have the option to switch into the spousal or partner visa category (further leave to remain or FLRm) from within the UK. 2 Permanent residence permit-interviews. d) Be a resident beneficiary of permanent or major disability pension, in its contributory form, included within the protective action of the Spanish Social Security system or similar benefits to the previous ones obtained in Spain and consisting of an income for life, not capitalizable, sufficient to live off. You need to apply for a work permit in the same way as anyone else. What You can apply for the Blue Card that does entitle you to work in any EU country. Proof of reservation of a return ticket for the time intended to be travelling. Requirements to apply for a Student Visa in Spain. your parents), you must be a long-term resident in Spain. If you divorce your EU spouse before they acquired permanent residence in their host country (which usually requires them to have lived there for 5 years) - you may stay if: you have been living there for at least 1 year, and; your marriage lasted for at least 3 years before divorce proceedings started; You can also stay if you have: • Residence Visas must be picked up within one month, starting the following day after receiving the approval notification. Those over 14 years of age assisted by their legal representative. You may or may not receive another visit from the Straz Graniczna. Continuity is not affected by absences of up to six months, provided that the total time spent outside Spain does not exceed ten months within five years. This has been tested in the EU courts and the right for continued residence of deserted spouses has been upheld. This health insurance policy must cover expenses up to €30,000 and be valid in all Schengen countries. Make it easy for yourself by putting everything in our hands. This will be possible after having married a Spanish national. Depending on your circumstances, the documents required would be: certificate of employment or registration as self-employed plus proof you are paying social security in Spain (employed and self-employed EEA or Swiss nationals); proof of you have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family (in 2020, this was at least €400 a month per person) and have private or public healthcare insurance. What are the requirements for a long-term residence permit? What are the requirements for Spanish nationality by residency? Our experts offer help and advice on all aspects of Spanish nationality and permits to live and work in Spain. your country of origin will have to be submitted. 1. And while it is true that the answer has nuances, in this article we will show you how you can get citizenship in Spain after marrying a national. You can lose the right to permanent residence if To qualify for Spanish citizenship after marriage, you are required to have a residence permit through marriage and to live together with the Spanish citizen for a year. The permanent residence card is often issued free of charge (or for the same price as identity cards for nationals). Copy of your entire passport, travel title or valid registration card. You must have no criminal record in Spain or a record for crimes listed in the Spanish legal system in countries you have previously lived in. of qualified applicants. It can be granted as (1) single entry, so you will just be able to enter the Schengen Area once or (2) multiple entries. Permanent residence in Spain. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. One of the most common ways an immigrant will get a green card is through marriage to a U.S. citizen or permanent resident. Continuity is not be affected by absences from the EU for up to twelve consecutive months, provided that the total time spent outside the EU does not eighteen months within the required five years of residence. Which are the possible status of your citizenship application? To obtain either of these visas, you need to meet one of the following requirements: 2. –Marriage certificate. required in many countries, the permanent residence document is not mandatory. the territory where the application is submitted. Below you can find all the If you are travelling through multiple Schengen countries it’s advisable to apply for a “multiple entry” visa. a market which has a shortage has rights for residency in Spain through family reunification? Can a divorced person get citizenship of Spain by marrying with a Spanish person ? Thanks to having registered your marriage, you will have the advantage of being able to reduce to a single year the time that you must live in Spain for the legal application (compared to the 2 or 10 years required on the rest of cases, depending on your country of origin). Additionally, if you are applying for a period longer Immigration, upon the proposal of a public authority with competence related to statement that you do not live in Spain with another spouse or partner. – Proof you have public or private health insurance. -Pass the CCSE and DELE (if you are not Spanish speaking) exams. documents do I need to apply for Spanish nationality by residence? Residency and Nationality Options in Spain, Organizing your will and succession in Spain, Claiming Your IRPH Clause in Spanish mortgages, Claims against Banks in Off Plan Projects, How to claim against hidden developers of off-plan properties in Spain, A full guide to Residency and Nationality Options in Spain, 1. The Embassy Consulate generally replies within 10 working days. e) Be a resident and have been born If you are intending to reunite ascendants (e.g. • Proof you have employment and/or sufficient economic means to be able to support the family, including health care cover (if not included under Social Security System). c) Be a resident beneficiary of a contributory retirement pension, included in the protective action of the Spanish social security system. You can find further information on this process on the official website. It allows to live and work in Spain, both as a self-employed or as an employee (cuenta ajena and cuenta propia), … Both members of the marriage must be jointly registered in the town hall. will also have to show your professional qualifications. advertised locally without finding a suitable candidate from Spain or another You first need to Having a certificate (certificado de empadronamiento) showing you are registered, allows you access to local education and health services and certain income-related benefits and social care. Marriage is one of the steps that will greatly accelerate the attainment of citizenship. the Economic Activities Census. If the marriage is less than two years old when the foreign-born spouse becomes a permanent resident, the green card will expire after a two-year period. Only afterwards will you be eligible to file your Spanish nationality. Will my Spanish work visa grant me the right to work in any EU country? Process for a non-EEA/Swiss citizen to obtain initial temporary Spanish residency, 2.4. You must be married or related to a Spaniard, an EU member, or a member of the European Economic Area (EEA). You must apply for a student visa unless Your Spanish permanent residency will become permanent after five years, but it’s not automatic; you will have to re-apply for it. Some exemptions exist that allow certain people to apply sooner. Is it really possible to apply for citizenship in Spain by marriage? Approximately 2 years. – Proof that you have public or private health insurance contracted in Spain or in another country covering healthcare in Spain during your period of residence, equivalent to that provided by the National Health System. It is valid for ten years and automatically renewed with no conditions attached. It has no expiry date. Who of the company, tax identification and Social Security Account code. This is a completely legal way of immigration to Spain. EU country. It should be valid for 10 years and is automatically renewable without any condition or requirement. In Spain, it’s advisable to register locally on the patrón (similar to the electoral roll in the UK). Thus, we are talking about a nationality by residency procedure. What documents do I have to submit for a long term Spanish Residency permit? EEA or Swiss citizens: members of your family (spouse, legally registered partner and dependants) who are also must apply for Spanish residency using the same procedure as above. The residence visa application for family reunification must be submitted in person on the official form, from Monday to Friday between 8:30 am and 1:30 pm (NO APPOINTMENTS) Applicants must be legal residents in our jurisdiction: Florida, Georgia and South Carolina B1/B2 visa holders must apply for the residence visa in the country of legal residence. Is there really such a thing as nationality by marriage? financial means for the length of your stay, Medical insurance with Each and every one of the requirements and documents are exactly the same as those required for the rest of the people who apply for nationality by residence. What about employment requirements to get a work visa in Spain? The Spanish Immigration Office considers that it has not been possible to cover the post according to the certificate issued by the Public Employment Service for the job offer. An interview will be done of you and your spouse for the permit application. How to obtain Spanish Citizenship by marriage step by step. Steps to get the Canadian residency by marriage. An investor can apply for a permanent residence and citizenship following the usual procedure. The requirements for Spanish residency for students vary depending on whether your stay or short or long term. In that sense, you can get the residency trough marriage under two different procedures: If your spouse is from Europe, the family member of an EU citizen visa will be the go-to option. To help facilitate the paperwork, we have explained the different residency and nationality options below. However, dealing with Spanish bureaucracy can be a nightmare, especially when it comes to getting your Spanish residency in order. For advice on which one suits you, your family and your business, get in touch now. I am a British citizen by birth and have been married to a Spanish citizen by birth for 25 years. This must be done three months after you have entered Spain. File I-130 (Petition for Alien Relative) The first step in obtaining permanent residency through marriage is by filling out and filing Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative. -Have a residence permit as a family member of an EU citizen. Then, you must demonstrate continued coexistence for a year in the Spanish territory with your spouse. There must also be substantial capital investment made by a company that is established in a territory not considered a tax haven by Spanish law. Certificate of marriage to prove the existence of the family bond with the Spanish citizen or resident. Non-EEA/Swiss national must submit a residency request before Spanish authorities. Find out through a professional fiscal adviser. You can also acquire Spanish nationality throug… As a general rule, to apply for Spanish nationality by residence, you need to prove you have lived legally and continuously in Spain for 10 years prior to your application. 2. Official application form (EX-11) in duplicate, duly completed and signed by the foreigner, except in the case of having contributed to economic, scientific or cultural progress, which will be instigated officially by the Directorate General of Immigration. These exams take place in Cervantes Institute centres. h) Be a stateless person, refugee or beneficiary of subsidiary protection, be in Spanish territory and have been recognised as such in Spain. Getting Married in Spain. No. Those foreigners who have been living legally in Spain for one year and have obtained authorization to stay at least one more year. resided for the last five years. statement or employment certificate, including, at least, the name and address spouse or partner to join you, a sworn We live in England but want to buy a property in catalunya with the intention of spending most of the year there. Related to your residence permit, it is not clear yet what will happen with Brexit. Any prolonged departure from Spain could be considered as a reason to deny nationality. requirements to apply for this kind of visa. Please send us your consultation to info@balcellsgroup.com so one of our lawyers can contact you. This will be possible after having married a Spanish national. This residency card is valid for five years and can be renewed. • Written evidence, according to the regulations, of having adequate housing for the family’s You attain permanent residency status after living legally in Spain for five years. Exceptional Spanish residency may be granted on humanitarian grounds for parents under 65. is that work permits are granted if: (1) the job is in 4. Yes, you do. You will have to take and pass the CCSE exam, and if you don’t speak Spanish, the DELE A2. Some regional offices will request that you prove you have been in Spain … That is because, in fact, depending on the region of Spain in which you live, it can take months after the registration is filed after its submission. continuously for at least three consecutive years immediately preceding the (2) Within three months of arrival, they must register in person at the Foreigner’s Office to obtain a Residency Card for Family Members of EU Citizens (Tarjeta de Residencia de Familiar de Ciudadano de la Unión Europea). However, as we have seen, the administrative litigation can expedite (and noticeably) the process; being able to get a positive response in a few months. present it together with the following documents: Yes, if the It then became impossible to get nationality directly after marriage. 1. Our expert team are more than happy to help you and your family ensure you have the right documentation and follow the right procedure to get your permits. Your email address will not be published. They are also entitled to permanent residence in Spain as long as they have legally resided with you for five consecutive years. After 10 years, you can apply for Spanish nationality. There are different types of residency and work permits, depending on the Both heterosexual and same-sex marriages are recognized by Immigration. Those from a non-European Union country will have to renew their residency periodically until they get a permanent residency Spain. If you are married to a Costa Rican citizen are eligible for temporary residence through marriage. Passport valid for at least three months after your departure and with at least two blank pages. – It cannot be a civil union (“pareja de hecho”) or a divorced couple. This will be the method of checking the continued coexistence for a year. Then, the procedure that will help you become a legal resident is the family … first three months of your arrival in Spain. (5) Proof you have sufficient economic means to live in Spain. Proof of funds/ economic situation of the EEA Citizen. –Birth certificate of both your spouse and the principal applicant. However, in 1975 the Spanish civil code was modified. However, it is useful for other procedures and saves you having to prove again that you have work, sufficient funds, medical insurance, etc. (2) has been Spanish citizenship by option. After 10 years of legal residency (temporary or permanent) you may be eligible for naturalization. – If you are not resident in Spain or in Spanish territory: at the Spanish Embassy or Consulate in the country you are resident in. The employer will Would you like to be updated with the latest immigration news and other useful tips for you? If you are a resident: a certificate issued by the appropriate authorities or by the educational centre certifying that minors in your care and of compulsory school age have been at school. (1) Birth certificate:  requested in the city where you were born (or registered). – Work contract registered in the Public Employment Service. If you are an immediate relative of a U.S. citizen, you can become a lawful permanent resident (get a Green Card) based on your family relationship if you meet certain eligibility requirements. Ask us anything to citizenship in Spain here. By marrying a citizen of Portugal, you can apply for residency and, eventually, citizenship. That is, you can have been married to a Spanish citizen for a longer period of time. require a student visa for Spain. international coverage, Medical certificate to prove that you are in good health, Certificate of no criminal record issued by your national police. Two documents are required – the certificate of criminal records from your country of origin (if you were not born in Spain) and one from the Spanish authorities. Since 2013, for those citizens who purchase real estate in Spain, with a total value of 500 thousand euros, receive a residence permit. How long does it take for the application to be considered? It is advisable to apply for it at least two weeks prior to the planned trip. the period of residency is now only 3 days, so much easier for tourist weddings. The procedure is as follows. Naturally many people from countries such as America or Australia come to Spain for a short duration in order to travel and perhaps work for a short time. are submitted, they must be translated into Spanish or co-official language of Currently, Canada provides facilities for resident visas to those immigrants who are married to a citizen of that country. 3. MAKE AN APPOINTMENT HERE DOCUMENTATION TO SUBMIT 1. – In the event of having contributed To obtain it, you must go to the Foreigners Office in the province you live in and submit the following documentation: – Employer The paperwork for Spanish residency and work visas can be overwhelming especially if you don’t speak Spanish. The first stage in this process is getting a temporary residence permit for five years and then you can opt for a permanent residency. can apply for Spanish nationality by residence? An important aspect is that the nature of the EU citizen’s stay in Spain may entail financial requirements in order to process the residence of their spouse or other direct relative: they must be employed or self-employed in Spain, or else (in the case of pensioners, students, etc...) prove their financial ability to support themselves and their companions, as well as everyone involved having health insurance with … If successful, a foreign spouse can acquire permanent residency in the United States. Interested parties over 18 years of age and not dependants. If you want to know the procedure behind that, here you will find a guide on how to legalize or apostille foreign documents. Again,  the same as in other cases. About the purchase, please note you need a NIE number in Spain in order to do the transaction. I accept the privacy policies of this site. continuously in Spanish territory for five years. 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