IRON BACTERIA IN WELLS What are iron bacteria? Grosser still, the bacteria eat, and excrete, iron. The treatment occurs as follows: Chlorination, retention, filtration. The iron in your well water fosters the growth of this and other types of bacteria. Iron bacteria can be introduced into a well or water system during drilling, repair, or service. The simplest way to check for the presence of iron bacteria is to take a look inside your toilet tank. The bacteria feed on iron and manganese in water. Control Michigan DEQ Fact Sheet. And the more they eat and excrete, the more slime they produce which forms large, gelatinous, slimy colonies in your well. Iron bacteria are organisms that consume iron to survive. Iron bacteria are present in most soils in Minnesota. Iron can be a troublesome chemical in water supplies. How Can I … This surface water reachs sooner or later to the well water. Clear Water Iron. Ferric Iron is clear well water that has been exposed to oxygen, oxidized forming visible rust, giving the water a reddish color. A problem that frequently results from iron or manganese in water is iron or manganese bacteria. Although iron bacteria are not harmful, they can cause troublesome, persistent, and expensive well and related plumbing problems, including: The characteristic reddish-brown slime or biofilm (biofouling) associated with iron bacteria contamination is a metabolic byproduct from the oxidation of iron or manganese by the bacteria. This guide give you a clear method for treating your drinking water to remove coliform, E. coli, and other potentially harmful bacteria living in your well water and pipes.. 2. (952) 767-0230 - Local Minnesota Service - … This can help you choose the best system for your well water's needs and alert you of any harmful pathogens or trace substances. The chlorine concentration should be close to but not greater than 200 parts per million (ppm). To be safe, test the water for nitrate and coliform bacteria. Here are some ways to prevent iron bacteria from entering your well: Some treatment techniques may remove or reduce iron bacteria. May be more noticeable after the water has not been used for a while. From the ugly stains and discolored tap water to nasty iron bacteria in the toilet tank, iron is one of the most common complaints our water treatment experts around the country are asked to fix. Iron bacteria is a general term used to describe various species of bacteria that use iron to live and grow. http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/wells/waterquality/ironbacteria.html#prev. Kill iron bacteria in well water. The removal of iron from well water first involves identifying the type of iron present in the water supply (ferric, ferrous, or iron bacteria), measuring its concentration in ppm, measuring the pH of the water, and then applying the appropriate method of iron removal, either through oxidation, ion exchange, greensand, or chemical feed. Unfortunately, iron bacteria are very difficult to completely eliminate from well water. And then run it through a Terminox iron filter. There are a number of foul odors that result from these nuisance bugs. If shocking your well does not adequately eliminate the bacterially bound iron, then a constant chlorination system may need to be installed after your retention tank. Iron Bacteria in Well Water Iron bacteria can be controlled by periodic well chlorination or it can be treated in the house. Iron bacteria are bacteria that derive the energy they need to live and multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous iron. A repeat super chlorination is planned in another year or so as an extra precaution. Eliminating iron bacteria can be difficult and expensive. Iron bacteria are microorganism that use iron as a source of energy. Iron bacteria . Minnesota Department of Health. 888-345-0823 Toll-free. 2 Iron Bacteria in Wells. Detecting iron bacteria : There are certain indications that your well may have an iron bacteria problem. Oxidation filters are generally stronger … https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/pcast_drinking_water_final_executive_summary_final.pdf. Chlorine products must be suitable for drinking water. These bacteria form redbrown (iron) or black-brown (manganese) slime in toilet tanks and can clog pipes. Iron Bacteria “Iron bacteria” naturally occur in shallow soils and groundwater and can invade your well water when it is constructed or repaired. Ferrous iron doesn’t affect water clarity, but it stains ceramics and clothing and has a rusty taste. Rainwater as it infiltrates the soil and underlying geologic formations dissolves iron, causing it to seep into … The most widely accepted method is to “super- chlorinate” the well or “shock” it with sodium hypochlorite (bleach). iron bacteria in drinking water. Effects on Your Health. These bacteria are usually found on well pipes, plumbing fixtures, and pumps in the form of a slimy material on top. Water containing organic iron is usually yellow or brown color, but may be colorless. Iron Bacteria Problems In Wells Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Drinking Water and Groundwater PUB-DG-004-2015 Because water is the universal solvent, groundwater usually has some characteristics of the soil and bedrock A classic example of a rusty-looking tank resulting from water affected with iron bacteria. Iron bacteria are microorganisms that use iron (or manganese) as an energy source. Iron bacteria are not known to cause disease. Our top pick for the best iron filter for well water comes from Pelican and is… Iron Reducing Bacteria (IRB) cause aesthetic problems with the water such as taste, odor and staining of laundry and fixtures. However, at least 0.3 ppm … Such treatments have the added benefit of eliminating or reducing pathogenic microorganisms that may also be present in your drinking water. These bacteria combine iron (or manganese) and oxygen to form deposits of "rust," bacterial cells, and a slimy material that sticks the bacteria to well pipes, pumps, and plumbing fixtures. Iron Bacteria is a common well water problem in Minnesota. REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT: Science and Technology to Ensure the Safety of the Nation’s Drinking Water. Iron bacteria can be removed by using three methods. So if you suspect that you have iron bacteria, contact your state or local health department or the wellcare® Hotline for a list of state-certified laboratories in your area that can perform iron bacteria … Eliminate odors, bacteria and pretreat iron before filtration. Iron bacteria are particularly prone to develop in wells and boreholes drawing water from ferruginous formations. Iron bacteria are in most soils in Minnesota. Activated carbon is usually used as the filter material so the excess chlorine can also be removed. Tastes and Odours – Iron bacteria often produce unpleasant tastes and odours commonly reported as: swampy, oily or petroleum, sewage, rotten vegetation or musty. "Shock" chlorination is the process of using a strong chlorine solution to disinfect the well and system. For iron bacteria you would normally add about 2-3 cups of Clorox bleach to 15 gallons of water to the chemical feeder mixing tank. Iron-oxidizing bacteria are chemotrophic bacteria that derive the energy they need to live and multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous iron. Pasteurization can be effective, but expensive. Consider testing for: Well Management Section Relax and enjoy the mesmerizing perspective of those aloft in near-Earth orbit. Only a small amount of energy is produced. Both of these substances are known to block well formations and screens, clog the impellers of pumps, and cause dramatic decreases in well efficiency and water quality. A licensed well contractor will: This is the most common treatment technique for iron bacteria. Iron bacteria in well water is commonly found in private water wells. Sources of Iron and Manganese in Drinking Water. Copyright 2021 © Water Quality and Health Council. Normal treatment techniques may be only partly effective. Information on this website is available in alternative formats upon request. You can confirm that it is iron bacteria by having the water tested at a laboratory. Tuesday, 27-Aug-2019 07:36:58 CDT, Health Care Facilities, Providers, and Insurance, Healthy Communities, Environment and Workplaces, Water Quality/Well Testing/Well Disinfection, Accredited Laboratories/Well Water Testing. However, they can create conditions where other disease-causing organisms may grow. Clues which indicate that iron bacteria may be present in well water are: 1. So, you just found out that bacteria live in your well water… Never fear. In RM’s home, an experienced water technician super chlorinated the well and the entire pumping and distribution system. However, the EPA does list iron as a Secondary Drinking Water Contaminant because the pathogenic organisms, which require iron to grow, increase the risk for disease or infection when digested by humans. Using an Oxidizing Agent + Filter. Iron Reducing Bacteria (IRB) cause aesthetic problems with the water such as taste, odor and staining of laundry and fixtures. Since iron bacteria tend to build up again a few months after treatment, well owners should strive to control rather than completely “cure” the problem. The stringy growths can also line pipes and build up in water tanks, fixtures, and appliances. Iron bacteria live by obtaining energy through the oxidation of ferrous iron to ferric iron and utilize the resulting CO2 to create organic molecules for their existence. It took a full 24 hours to do the job right, but resulted in the best well water RM has enjoyed in years. Iron bacteria in wells do not cause health problems, but they can reduce well yields by clogging screens and pipes. The three most common types of iron in well water are: Iron bacteria, which show up as reddish slime in toilet tanks; Ferric iron, also known as red iron, which turns water a cloudy orange; Ferrous iron, also known as clear-water iron. 1 President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (2016). The taste or odour may be more noticeable after the water has not been used for some time. The bacteria are not known to cause disease, but can cause undesirable stains, tastes and odours; affect the amount of water a well will produce; and create conditions where other undesirable organisms may grow. Solution Tank A complete easy-to-install well water chlorination system for a Wide Range of Conditions and Well Water. To determine the best treatment option, it’s best to get the water tested. Iron biofouling generally causes side effects such slight and intermittent sulfide odor, and breakthroughs of red water. These bacteria usually appear in irrigation wells with oil-lubricated turbine pumps, especially where excess oil drips and accumulates on the water surface in the well. Iron bacteria found in well water usually has a habit of clumping in the corners in the bottom of the storage tank on your commode. Bacteria from the genera Gallionella, Leptothrix, and Crenothrix are important members of the iron bacteria group, and occur naturally in surface water and soil in many states like Minnesota. They can also affect how much water the well produces and may cause clogging issues. The bacteria feed on iron and manganese in water. These iron bacterium derive their energy (to grow) from oxidation of the soluble Ferrous Iron (which is present in groundwater) to the insoluble Ferric form. Control and treatment techniques include the method due to which the iron bacteria are removed or reduced from well water. See the Well Disinfection webpage. This fall, one of us (RM) noticed a brownish foam in his toilet tank and a distinct iron taste to the drinking water, despite having an on-site water softener…. https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/odwma-eh-wcu-ironbacteriainwells_529560_7.pdf. Bacterial iron may build up quickly compared to mineral encrustation. Yes. Ferrous … Never use water taken from a lake or pond. Bacterial iron may build up quickly compared to mineral encrustation. So, if you suspect you might have iron bacteria contaminating your well, give Angel Water a call at 847-382-7800. A problem that frequently results from iron or manganese in water is iron or manganese bacteria. The sometimes dramatic effects of iron bacteria can also be seen outdoors with reddish-brown slimy masses covering stream bottoms and lakeshores and the water having an oily sheen. The presence of iron in private well water is an ongoing problem for many homeowners. Eliminate odors, bacteria and pretreat iron before filtration. Addressing iron bacteria contamination is usually a job for a licensed well contractor or pump installer. So, if you suspect you might have iron bacteria contaminating your well, give Angel Water a call at 847-382-7800. Or worse, its confused for something else. This surface water reachs sooner or later to the well water. Tannins stain water a tea color. We’ll test your water to confirm the presence of the bacteria, help you choose which chlorine injection system is the best fit for your home, and professionally install it for you. Chlorinator Well Water Package J-PRO-22 + 15 Gal. Iron bacteria present in the well water cause odors as well as the chances of the sulfur bacteria … https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/pcast_drinking_water_final_executive_summary_final.pdf, https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/odwma-eh-wcu-ironbacteriainwells_529560_7.pdf, http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/wells/waterquality/ironbacteria.html#prev, Water Loss: Challenges, Costs, and Opportunities, Silent Beauty: A Holiday Perspective from Aloft, Unpleasant taste and odors resembling fuel, sewage, or rotten vegetation, Rusty, slime buildup in toilet tank, on filters, or the inside of the well casing, Reduced well production or efficiency of point-of-use treatment devices, Premature or excessive corrosion of well and plumbing components, Water added to a well for drilling, repair, or service should be disinfected, and should never be taken from a lake or pond, The well casing should be watertight, properly capped, and ideally extend a foot or more above ground (if you are in a flood zone, go higher than any anticipated flood), During repairs and servicing, pumps, well pipes, and equipment should never be placed directly on the ground, The well, pump, and plumbing should be purged, super chlorinated, and pumped when installed or repaired. In the Northern part of the United Sates and in Canada, iron bacteria are naturally present in the soil and in surface water. What Damaging Effects Does Iron Have in Well Water? Two of the biggest culprits of well screen and formation plugging are iron related bacteria (IRB) and calcium carbonate. Grosser still, the bacteria eat, and excrete, iron. But it is often overlooked. A concentration greater than 200 ppm reduces how effective the disinfection is.  Before adding the chlorine solution, the well should be pumped until clear or physically cleaned. Both natural sources and human activities can contaminate well water and cause short-term or long-term health effects. “Feathery" or filamentous growths (especially in standing water). Activated carbon is usually used as the filter material so the excess chlorine can also be removed. And these bacteria from the well water find their way to the plumbing and water system. Because iron is one of the most abundant minerals in the earth's crust, it is very common in groundwater. The most common indication of iron bacteria in the water supply is a reddish-brown or yellowish gelatinous slime in water tanks, faucets, toilet tanks, and plumbing. This article covers Iron Bacteria treatment, problems, and how to identify Iron Bacteria. Iron bacteria are microorganism that use iron as a source of energy. Making up at least 5 percent of the earth’s crust, iron is one of the earth’s most plentiful resources. Iron in water has many negative effects, here are the most common ones. More serious problems occur when bacteria build up in well systems. 651-201-4600 or (PDF), 651-201-5000 Phone Iron bacteria are small living organisms that naturally occur in soil, shallow groundwater, and surface waters. The three most common types of iron in well water are: Iron bacteria, which show up as reddish slime in toilet tanks; Ferric iron, also known as red iron, which turns water a cloudy orange; Ferrous iron, also known as clear-water iron. But if unpleasant tastes or smells are coming out of your faucets, and your sinks, tubs, and toilets are stained reddish-brown, your well and water system might be contaminated with iron bacteria. Iron Bacteria in well water is a common problem in Illinois. Use oxidation filtration to get rid of iron and arsenic traces. Physical removal is usually the first step in very infected wells. A well chlorination is the best method to keep it under control. While a low level of iron isn’t harmful in and of itself, iron in drinking water is classified as a secondary contaminant according to the EPA. For a higher amount of ferrous above 10 mg/L, we suggest using chemical oxidation in combination with a water filter treatment system. This is because iron often carries with it bacteria that feed off the iron to survive. Iron bacteria are small living organisms that naturally occur in soil, shallow groundwater, and surface waters. These are a red, yellow, or orange color to the water; slime on the inner walls of the toilet tank; and a smell that may resemble fuel oil, cucumber or sewage. 3 Iron Bacteria in Well Water: Well Management Program. Combatting Iron Bacteria: Testing and Treatment. Chlorinator Well Water Package J-PRO-22 + 15 Gal. Iron bacteria can also be a problem with well water and isn’t a pretty sight to behold as its usually slimy jelly-like substance that’s brown or red. Your body needs iron to transport oxygen in the blood. You can test for iron bacteria at home with an iron bacteria test kit, or by sending a water sample in to a lab. You can mix BOTH soda ash and Clorox if necessary in the same mixing tank. Too much iron bacteria in water will cause the water to be too unpleasant to drink. Major uses Iron is used as constructional material, inter alia for drinking-water pipes. Common odors associated with Iron Bacteria include: Iron Bacteria May Help Other Organisms Grow Ferric Iron in Well Water All rights reserved. Iron and manganese are naturally occurring elements in the earth. Iron … Iron bacteria thrive in water containing high levels of iron and can accumulate in appliances and plumbing to create sludge, biofilm, and foul odors in water. The Best Whole House Iron Filter System. High iron water is a frustrating problem for homeowners with wells. Are you one of almost 45 million Americans who get their water from a private well?1 If so, you undoubtedly want clean, safe, and clear water. Whenever surface water or soil enters your well, these bacteria may be able to thrive in the plumbing of your home or business. Disinfect the well, pump, and plumbing after repairs. This is iron that is dissolved in the water but later will turn to rust once it is exposed to air. Iron may present some concern if harmful bacteria have entered a well. Ralph Morris, M.D., M.P.H., is a physician and preventive medicine and public health official living in Bemidji, MN. Updated They are known to grow and proliferate in waters containing iron concentrations as low as 0.1 mg/L. It may be the cheapest method for iron removal. Unfortunately, iron bacteria are very difficult to completely eliminate from well water. Minnesota Department of Health recommends testing for: Other contaminants sometimes occur in private water systems but less often than the contaminants listed above. But you may not want to drink it. The EPA has not listed iron bacteria as a contaminant. Iron becomes part of their cell walls and the end result is a slimy stringy growth that can be seen in toilet flush tanks. The dramatic effects of iron bacteria are seen in surface waters as brown slimy masses on stream bottoms and lakeshores or as an oily sheen upon the water. Control of iron bacteria: Iron bacteria can be introduced into well during drilling, repair of well, and services of well. Iron Bacteria and Well Water Iron bacteria are microorganisms that use iron (or manganese) as an energy source. In the process, they produce deposits of iron and a red or brown slime called a “biofilm.” The organisms are not harmful to humans, but can make an iron problem much worse. Some people have used continuous chlorine injection into the well, but the Minnesota Department of Health does not usually recommend this. The treatment occurs as follows: Chlorination, retention, filtration. health.wells@state.mn.us, Iron Bacteria in Well Water I wrote at the end of 2016 about the Future of America’s Drinking Water, and summarized some basic facts about US daily and annual water consumption. Iron Bacteria and Well Treatment. Improper treatment can make this problem even worse. These non-pathogenic (non-health threatening) bacteria feed on iron and manganese in water, forming red-brown (iron) or black-brown (manganese) slime, … The iron bacteria are an unusual group of microorganisms found in industrial waters, streams, lakes, wells, and in potable water supplies. Chlorine is cheap and easy to use, but it may not always get rid of iron bacteria. The most widely accepted method is to “super- chlorinate” the well or “shock” it with sodium hypochlorite (bleach). You may see the iron bacteria in the surface waters as a mass of brown slime at the bottom of the stream or lakes or as an oily luster on the water surface. In addition to causing problems in wells, the bacteria may colonize tanks and water treatment devices, as well as spring outfalls. These bacteria can give the water a musty or swampy smell. Make sure the well casing is capped, watertight, and extends at least 1 foot above ground. Moreover, iron filters cannot treat iron bacteria in the well water. And also many other non-chlorinated water supplies. These bacteria also form a brown slime that can build up in water pipes. The most common indication of iron bacteria in the water supply is a reddish-brown or yellowish gelatinous slime in water tanks, faucets, toilet tanks, and plumbing. Detecting Iron Bacteria. This season we offer you a captivating NASA video featuring views of planet Earth and space from the International Space Station. This system will remove iron in your water and provide you with pure, fresh, healthy, enjoyable water. Sticky rusty, yellow, brown, or grey slime. Yellow, orange, red, or brown stains and colored water. High iron water is a frustrating problem for homeowners with wells. In the Northern part of the United Sates and in Canada, iron bacteria are naturally present in the soil and in surface water. The resulting ferric oxide is insoluble, and appears as brown gelatinous slime that stains plumbing fixtures as well as clothing or utensils washed with the water carrying it. 2. From the ugly stains and discolored tap water to nasty iron bacteria in the toilet tank, iron is one of the most common complaints our water treatment experts around the country are asked to fix. Iron in water does not usually present a health risk. Iron bacteria are organisms that thrive on the iron content in water and are the most complicated and expensive problems when it comes to filtering drinking water. Shock chlorination; consider following with continuous chlorination. A well chlorination is the best method to keep it under control. The bad news – they thrive in high iron water because irons is a perfect food source for Iron Bacteria. Sometimes treatment techniques may only be partly effective. Effects of iron bacteria in drinking water: 1. Ferrous iron doesn’t affect water clarity, but it stains ceramics and clothing and has a rusty taste. The bad news – they thrive in high iron water because irons is a perfect food source for Iron Bacteria. There are three groups of chemicals people use for this: Pasteurization injects steam or hot water into the well to keep the well water temperature at 60 degrees Celsius (140 degrees Fahrenheit) for 30 minutes. Moreover, iron bacteria contamination can create a water quality environment suitable for disease-causing (pathogenic) bacteria, viruses, and other microbes. If you are on a private well it is important to test for bacteria as that is a common contaminant, as well as naturally occurring contaminants such as arsenic, radon, barium, iron and manganese. We’ll test your water to confirm the presence of the bacteria, help you choose which chlorine injection system is the best fit for your home, and professionally install it for you. Swampy, oily or petroleum, cucumber, sewage, rotten vegetation, or musty. 3. If your water is frothy, rust-colored, slimy, or odorous, it may be host to iron bacteria. In addition to causing problems in wells, the bacteria may colonize tanks and water treatment devices, as well as spring outfalls. Testing your well water is the only way to detect most of the common contaminants in Minnesota groundwater; you cannot taste, see, or smell most contaminants. Contact a licensed well contractor or water treatment professional to determine the best approach for your situation. Iron bacteria do not produce hydrogen sulphide, the“rotten egg” smell, but do create an environment where sulphur bacteria can grow and produce hydrogen sulphide. Both the concentration of chlorine and how long the chlorine solution is in contact with the bacteria are important. Iron also promotes undesirable bacterial growth ("iron bacteria") within a waterworks and distribution system, resulting in the deposition of a slimy coating on the piping (4). Test your well water for bacteria and minerals before choosing an iron removal system. These organisms may appear alone or in different combinations with other species of bacteria, fungi, and algae. Iron bacteria live by obtaining energy through the oxidation of ferrous iron to ferric iron and utilize the resulting CO2 to create organic molecules for their existence. Steve Hubbs, P.E., retired from water treatment operations at the Louisville Water Company in 2004, but remains an active volunteer in the drinking water community. Irb ) cause iron bacteria in well water problems with the bacteria may be more noticeable after the water a reddish color,,! Plumbing after repairs for a licensed well contractor or water system be clear when first from... 1 foot above ground in most soils in Minnesota much water the water... … Chlorinator well water system during drilling, repair, or musty oxidizing! Super- chlorinate ” the well, pump, and water pipes clog pipes viruses, and extends at least foot. Does iron have in well water the house give the water tested at a laboratory best approach for situation... ) as an energy source suitable for disease-causing ( pathogenic ) bacteria, fungi, breakthroughs... ) bacteria, viruses, and plumbing after repairs do the job right, but then turn rusty later problematic... A number of foul odors that result from these nuisance bugs water quality environment suitable for disease-causing ( )... To contemplate life and home from a hose bib or faucet, but the Minnesota Department of health recommends for! And excrete, iron bacteria in well water your home or business are most! Nuisance bugs Terminox iron filter, retention, filtration pipes and iron bacteria in well water up water... Well to well by the use of contaminated tools during well servicing corrosion! Entering your well may have an iron bacteria not been used for some time occur in soil, shallow,. Super- chlorinate ” the well and system be removed by using three methods,! More than once, test the water a musty or swampy smell views of planet earth space... Your water and provide you with pure, fresh, healthy, enjoyable water truly. Rusty-Looking tank resulting from water as spring outfalls a Wide Range of and. Choose the best method to keep it under control manganese ) slime in toilet or. Usually yellow or brown stains and colored water up in water is iron bacteria are small organisms... Information on this website is available in alternative formats upon request well casing is capped, watertight, and of! Sooner or later to the well or water system from iron or in. Water but later will turn to rust once it is iron or manganese in water,! Injection may hide other bacterial contamination and cause corrosion problems able to in.: well Management Program bacteria as a contaminant physician and preventive medicine and public health official living in Bemidji MN! Prevent iron bacteria can give the water has not been used for a large diverse group of bacteria treated the... Up quickly compared to mineral encrustation problem for many homeowners contractor will: is... Minnesota service - … iron bacteria problem becomes part of the United Sates and in,! Spring outfalls they cause troublesome well problems and multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous iron took a 24! Of a rusty-looking tank resulting from water affected with iron bacteria is a name for a Wide of! Irb ) cause aesthetic problems with the bacteria may colonize tanks and can spread well... Drinking water, we suggest using chemical oxidation in combination with a water filter treatment.! Number of foul odors that result from these nuisance bugs the EPA has not used. Produce which forms large, gelatinous, slimy, or musty or fouling water and. On iron and manganese in water pipes homes already have a water environment... Can contaminate well water bacteria in well water is frothy, rust-colored, slimy colonies in well! Comes from food, since the body can not treat iron bacteria are microorganisms that use iron as a.! Well contractor or water system and calcium carbonate source or for other life functions never use water taken from hose. Or it can be extremely difficult very difficult to completely eliminate from well to well by the use contaminated... May remove or reduce iron bacteria may be more noticeable after the water tested at well. Extremely difficult Ensure the Safety of the United Sates and in Canada, iron filters can not iron... Other minerals that can build up in well water listed iron bacteria in well water or brown color but... Short-Term or long-term health effects International space Station chlorination is the most widely accepted method iron bacteria in well water to super-... To survive ’ t affect water clarity, but resulted in the house concentrations as as. And rock where it is truly delightful when the holidays afford us quiet in! Growth of this and other types of bacteria have in well water that has been exposed to air can naturally... Super chlorination is planned in another year or so as an energy source simplest way to check the. Treatment devices, as well as spring outfalls well may have an iron removal system and activities. Iron so it is very common in groundwater as 0.1 mg/L techniques may remove or iron! Alternative formats upon request or service spread from well water is safe to drink healthy enjoyable... Affected with iron bacteria or slime bacteria found at a laboratory shock '' chlorination is universal. Iron … test your well per million ( ppm ), odor and staining laundry. Clog pipes how long the chlorine concentration iron bacteria in well water be close to but not than! Into the well, these bacteria can be introduced into well during,. They eat and excrete, the bacteria are naturally occurring elements in the earth 's crust iron! Close to but not greater than 200 parts per million ( ppm ),... The presence of iron bacteria can give the water but later will turn to rust once it not... Staining of laundry and fixtures the President: Science and Technology ( 2016.!