6 Fudulu CATALIN, The assets of sorghum grain in feed Sorghum genus, comprises 20 species, the most important being 2: Sorghum bicolor for grain Sorghum sudanense for fodder Nutritionally they are divided into 3 groups (based on tannin content) Low tannin content: < 0.2 % Medium tannin content: 0.2-0.6 % High tannin content: > 0.6 % Manure application: Well-composted manure should be applied during land preparation and worked into the soil. In south India it makes best growth in RABI and also in SUMMER. •It can be grown throughout the year with irrigation facility. Sorghum, Sorghum bicolor(L) Moench, is the fifth most important cereal after rice, wheat, maize, and barley. Sorghum usually grows poorly on sandy soils, except where a heavy textured sub-soil is present. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Fodder : First harvest 65-70 days after sowing and there after the ratoon crop may be harvested once in 50 days depending on flowering. RECENT DIGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES AND AMELIORATIVE MEASURES OF NUTRIENTS DEFICIENCI... NANO-FERTILIZERS FOR PRECISION AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE, Soil and Water Management towards Doubling Farmer’s Income, Phytoremediation of Heavy metals A GREEN TECHNOLOGY TO CLEAN SOIL, No public clipboards found for this slide.  In rank first sorghum … Quality and safety of animal feed in india, No public clipboards found for this slide. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. 2012; Bean et al . Sowing equipment, planting configurations and yield elaboration. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. food. For Co. F.S. Many plant breeders exploit this genetic This millet is also known as ‘Jowar’ in India. there is a tremendous pressure of livestock on available total feed and fodder, as land available for fodder production has been decreasing. Sorghum Seed Market: Global TOP Manufacturers Analysis 2017-2021 - The Global Sorghum Seed Market Research Report 2017 provides a detailed Sorghum Seed industry overview along with the analysis of industry’s gross margin, cost structure, consumption value and sale price. Napier grass and hybrid (Pennisetum) Napier or elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is a tall, tufted, robust perennial grass which originated in tropical Africa. Green fodder: 192 t/ha/year in 6 … Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Sorghum can be harvested after flowering stage for green fodder. This investigation was carried out in kharif 2013-14 with five levels of phosphorus fertilizer viz. Organic foliar feeds can be added when the plant is knee high. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Different sorghum cultivars vary in fodder yield as well as quality of fodder (Sarfraz et al., 2012; Bilal et al., 2001; Chohan et al., 2006). SULPHUR IN SOIL AND ITS MICROBIAL TRANSFORMATION, Vasantrao Nail Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani, Integrated Nutrient Management For Sustainable Vegetable Production, NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES AND OPTIONS. The three major sources of fodder supply are crop residues, cultivated fodder and fodder from common property resources like forests, permanent pastures and grazing lands. If it is a single cut, it should be harvested at 60-65 days (50% flowering) after sowing and if it is a multicut, the first cut is 60 days after sowing and a second, 40 days after the first. You can start harvesting the green fodder from maize when the cob is in the milky stage. Goals / Objectives The sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] research program in the semi-arid regions of Kansas is increased yield potential through the development of elite parental lines tolerance to abiotic (drought and cold) and biotic (stalk-rot and damping off diseases) stresses. Fodder varieties of sorghum should be planted at a spacing of 75 cm x 10 cm. Red Globe Sugar Beet. D.C. Roy, N.K.Tudu. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. green fodder for dairy animals. 158764 PPT Presentation Summary : Sorghum could be an alternative grain in ethanol production. Seed Production of Sorghum by Shinde Pravin. Review full maize farming guide. if allowed to dry (maize or sorghum fodder). Sorghum and Oats are rich in energy and the leguminous crops like Lucerne, Berseem & Cowpea are rich in proteins. 230 food and cash crops for millions of rural farm families in the predominantly mixed crop-livestock farming systems of SSA (Romney et al., 2003). Seed : 110 – 125 days after sowing. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Regular sorghum was almost twice as productive as bmr sorghum (13.2 vs. 7.5 t/ha) (Khanum et al., 2010). Goats Forage sorghum varieties available on then market include Sugardrip, Sugargraze, PAN 841 and PAN 888. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) is a highly versatile crop of African origin with multiple uses as food, feed, fodder, fuel, and fiber.The grain is used as food or feed; the stem can be used as a source of fiber, fuel, and lately as feedstock for cellulosic ethanol. Is Grain Sorghum An Alternative For Ethanol Production? Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) lends itself to a variety of uses. Sorghum Production Guide: Introduction to Sorghum Production:- Sorghum is one of best millet crop for food and forage (fodder for livestock).This provides very good staple food in highly populated countries in Asia. sowing in June - July. 2. Its uses for feed and fodder are now overtaking that for food in many parts of the world. Single-cut sorghum and multi-cut pearl millet varieties are also cultivated for green fodder (forage). In Pakistan, sorghum hay (regular and bmr varieties) cultivated in saline land and harvested 80 days after sowing could profitably replace wheat straw as the basal fodder for sheep.  One of the most important staple food for million poor rural people. Sorghum is more tolerant of alkaline salts than other grain crops and can therefore be successfully cultivated on soils with a pH (KCl) between 5.5 and 8.5. Fodders including maize, barley, oats, sorghum, rye, alfalfa and triticale can be produced by hydroponics. United Sorghum Check-off Program. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Sorghum industry has become highly dependent on foreign markets. Fodder sorghum - Cholam / Jowar •Sorghum is a drought resistant annual crop. At present, the country faces a net deficit of 61.1% green fodder, 21.9% dry crop residues and 64% concentrate feeds. Sorghum (Open pollinated varieties)  Botanical name – Sorghum bicolor  Family- Gramineae  Origin-Tropical & Subtropical region of Africa & Asia  Sorghum is used for grain, fiber&fodder. Cropping system • Sorghum-oat-maize • Maize-oat-maize • Cowpea-oat + mustard-maize + cowpea • Sorghum + cowpea-oat + lucerne Yield • 50-60t fodder and 200-400 kg grain/ha. Sorghum silage Sorghum grain Fodder Beet. Sorghum is a climate resilient coarse cereal, which offers sustainable food, feed, and fodder source. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. (ii). • Maximum grain yield of 3 … Nicholas et al. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The introduction of high yielding crop varieties is the most suitable option to fulfill forage shortage (Bilal et al., 2001). See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The largest group of producers are Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 2013) , Cereal fodder 1. class 10th geography assignment. An interesting fact that was discovered during the community visit was the culture behind ... plan the use of fodder throughout the season and reduce the time spent on migration. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Quentin Devaud, Breeder, Eurosorgho, France: Biomasse project for the future . The fodder easily grows in semi-controlled environmental conditions with the temperature range of 15-32 °C and relative humidity of 80-85%. Abstract. this presentation is all about fodder crops and their types. Also, control light is needed to grow fodder, so you need to build a small shed net or a low-cost greenhouse. Hydroponic fodder production is a boon for farmers whose soil is rocky and infertile. Fodder maize – Makkacholam •Maize is mostly grown as KHARIF crop i.e. 11. G2MARS a collaborative approach to improve fodder quality of European sorghum germplasm. View Fodder for cattle.ppt from AGRICULTUR 113 at Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, orshallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family and its edible starchy seeds. 0 (T1), 40 (T2), 80 (T3), 120 (T4) and 160 (T5) kg P2O5 ha-1 in the fields of 30 numbers of farmers. Significant differences in the results have been KVA-SEVET-Thika-Nov-2013 33 . The health benefits of sorghum such as reduction of diabetes, cardiovascular, and celiac diseases are not properly exploited. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Yield (i). Soils with a Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Supply and demand scenario of forage and roughage is presented in Table 2. It constitutes the main food grain for over 750 million people who live in the semi-arid tropics of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. On Farm Evaluation of Yield and Quality of Multicut Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Fodder Through Application of Phosphorus. Africa. ANIMAL NUTRITION & FEEDING PRACTICES Dr.B.Panigrahi Professor … Mammoth Long Red Fodder Beet. However, its consumption demand is in wane because of gaps in processing and poor linkages to markets. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. These leguminous crops are good source of major and micro minerals, which are critical for rumen microbes as well as animal system. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. 29, each harvest has to be done at 65 days interval (5 harvests in a year). Sorghum can be used for human consumption, livestock feed and fodder, ethanol production and other industrial purposes. Shepard Sugar Beet. SILAGE •The fermentation is controlled by formation of organic acids, mainly lactic, by bacteria that Fig 1 A stand of forage sorghum at Matopos Research Station in Bulawayo ii. Numerous studies have demonstrated that sorghum is a very diverse crop, with cultivated sorghums exhibiting great phenotypic variability. shrubs and trees. It is a viable farmer friendly alternative technology for landless farmers for fodder production. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 12. maize, sorghum and beans. Average green fodder production from maize is between 45 and 50 tons per hectare, and the dry matter production is 10-15 tons per hectare. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. White Klein Maralfalfa 25 20.82 24.36 19.47 13.397330074100001 12.091474465331249 12.2632995571875 9.5051934523424997 45.295250000000003 • Silage is the material produced by a controlled anaerobic fermentation of material of high moisture. • Common practice is 2 or 3 cuttings for fodder and then allowing for grain. The interspecific pearl millet × napiergrass hybrids are perennial and yield green fodder throughout the year. To grow good quality fodder you need to be able to control the temperature and humidity. Supply and demand scenario of forage and roughage is Sorghum yield is … Sorghum can better tolerate short periods of water logging compared with maize. Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder 1 Fodder Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare) Annual 50-60 30 x 10 12.5 30-40-20 60 to 65 C0.F.S 29 Mulitcut 12.5 30 x 10 25.0 30-40-20 Every 65 days 2 Fodder Maize (Zea mays) Annual 40-50 30 x 10 12.5 60-40-20 65 to 70 Sorghum is generally not preferred as hydrocyanic acid toxin production is a serious problem associated with sorghum forage and could be lethal to animals if ingested in higher quantities, especially when fed when the crop is less than 45 days of growth. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a dual-purpose crop used for both human food and animal feed in many Asian and African countries (Sarfraz et al. In addition, the interspecific sorghum ×sudangrass annual multi-cut hybrids are grown for green fodder.  Sorghum is about 70% starch,so is good energy source.It’s starch consist of 70 to 80 % amylopectin. 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