A novel liquid larval diet and its rearing system for melon fly, Development and assessment of a liquid larval diet for. 2A). Bars with different letters above them differ significantly at P < 0.05. The stone weevil Sternochetus mangiferae (Fig. 2004), female oviposition preference (Matavelli et al. Additionally, the nutritional resources of the wheat germ and corn powders were also added as nutritional supplements for yeast. Rivka Barkai-Golan, Peter A. Follett, in Irradiation for Quality Improvement, Microbial Safety and Phytosanitation of Fresh Produce, 2017. Although the transformation frequency of B. dorsalis was somewhat lower than that observed in Drosophila using the same phspBac helper (26%), it was discovered that B. dorsalis genome contained multiple piggyBac-like elements that might have had a repressive effect on piggyBac transposition. Figure 12.2. However, linalool gradually breaks down when in contact with oxygen, forming an oxidized by-product that may cause allergic reactions such as eczema in susceptible individuals. Namely, the ovary size (the diameter of the entire ovary per fly) of the female adults reared on diets with 1:1 and 1:3 Y:S ratios was 2.47 ± 0.19 mm and 2.37 ± 0.067 mm, respectively, which was significantly greater than those of females reared on diets with other yeast ratios (Fig. 2013). Figure 10.3. To determine the appropriate yeast contents, five artificial larval diets differing in yeast concentrations (0, 10, 20, 60, and 100 g/L) were used to manipulate the larval resource availability. The economic importance has increased considerably, however in view of the quarantine restrictions imposed by the USA and other countries on mango imported from India because of potential risk of introducing this pest (Singh, 1989). Competition with other fruit flies seems to limit abundance of Mediterranean fruit fly. Eradication programs were conducted from 1997 to 2001, but failed. Daily number of eggs laid per female Bactrocera dorsalis fed on diets containing different yeast ratios. Biological Invasions and Its Management in China. 4A; F = 112.63; df = 3, 36; P < 0.001). CARS-27) and a grant from Chongqing Science and Technology Commission (cstc2017shmszx-xdny0031). A Leica M205A stereomicroscope (Leica Microsystems, Wetzlar, Germany) was used to capture images of ovaries and to measure the maximum diameter of each ovary. The present gel larval diet has overcome some disadvantages of previous solid and liquid diet of B. dorsalis, and 20-g/L yeast gel diet allowed a higher pupal weight, pupal production, adult emergence, and shorter development than the both previous solid and liquid diet, and thus can be seen as a potential media for a large-scale mass-rearing of B. dorsalis. 2017). Moreover, SIT is a particularly effective technique, which has been successfully applied for area-wide pest management, especially for Tephritidae fruit fly pests, such as the Queensland (Bactrocera tryoni), Mediterranean (Ceratitis capitata), and Mexican (Anastrepha ludens) fruit flies (Jessup et al. Entomol. The dietary Y:S mixtures might control the expression of vitellogenin, which influences ovarian development, by regulating some nutritional signaling pathways (Smykal and Raikhel 2015, Chen et al. Register. In 2003 it was found in Africa and quickly spread to most of the sub-Saharan part of the continent, destroying fruits and creatin … 2013, Ali et al. Studies in Hawaiian fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae). 2016). 12.1–12.3) and melon fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae C) are notorious international insects infesting mango worldwide. Controlled atmosphere treatments using 100% nitrogen or 50% nitrogen gas + 50% CO2 for 4 to 6 days at 25 °C may cause fruit rotting and off-flavor (Hwang, 1988). 2014, Hou et al. 2005. Kaspi, R., S. Mossinson, T. Drezner, B. Kamensky, and B. Yuval. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Influence of inoculated gut bacteria on the development of Bactrocera dorsalis and on its susceptibility to the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae Joseph Gichuhi1, Fathiya Khamis1, Johnnie Van den Berg2, Samira Mohamed1, Sunday Ekesi1 and Jeremy K. Herren1* Abstract Background: Symbiotic interactions between insects and bacteria have … The fruit fly species have been recognized as one of serious threats to the fruit production system in the world (De Meyer et al., 2012). In South Africa, pupating larvae and adult C. capitata and C. rosa were found to be susceptible to H. bacteriophora, H. zealandica, and S. khoisanae infection in laboratory; however, no infection was recorded for the pupae (Malan and Manrakhan, 2009). Schutze, Mark, et al. Fruit flies research and development in Africa-towards a sustainable management strategy to improve horticulture - () Lectotypes are designated for B. dorsalis (Hendel), B. mangiferae (Cotes) (a synonym of B. zonata (Saunders)) and B. pedestris (Bezzi). Maniania, ... C. Dolinski, in Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests, 2017. Quarantine regulations in some persimmon importing countries are very strict, with zero tolerance. ), Current Research on Tropical Fruit Flies and Their Management: Proceedings of the Symposium on Tropical Fruit Flies, 18-20 May 1992. They are major pests of beans, bittermelon, winter melon, cucumbers, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini.. Damage. Strictly speaking, the flies were given ad libitum access to all diluted yeast diets, and the yeast used here mainly contained protein (62.5%), but also comprised water soluble B-complex vitamins, sodium chloride, lipids, and minerals with a pH (0.5% solution) of 7.0 ± 0.2 at 25°C. isations of South Africa. Aquino, J. C. D., C. F. C. Souza, J. R. D. J. Santos, and I. S. Joachimbravo. Ranjeet Kumar, Ramanuj Vishwakarma, in Preharvest Modulation of Postharvest Fruit and Vegetable Quality, 2018. Bactrocera dorsalis is similar to the Australian rainforest species B. endiandrae but differs in having broad parallel sided vittae enclosing the ia. Furthermore, yeast and sucrose are not only the respective source of protein and carbohydrate, but also provide vitamins, lipids, and minerals to support insect development. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128035276000184, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780857090904500238, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128010280000763, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123847478100042, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128110256000100, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124158740000093, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128098073000123, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780121588618500077, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128032657000166, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780857090904500093, Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science, 2005, Entomopathogens Routinely Used in Pest Control Strategies, Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests, Lezama-Gutierrez et al., 1996; Toledo et al., 2005a, Lindegren et al., 1990; Gazit et al., 2000; Laborda et al., 2003, Castillo et al., 2000; Quesada-Moraga et al., 2006; Gindin et al., 1994; Krasnoff and Gupta, 1994, Wax apple (Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. The acute oral (rat) LD50 is quite high, i.e., 2.7 g/kg, suggesting substantial safety issues for mammals (Opdyke, 1979). Another complication is poor host status. The previous studies showed that agar is used as an economical and effective gelling agent in the diets of B. tryoni (Moadeli et al. Figure 12.3. The inner inside of the chamber is lined with a velvet material on which fungal conidia are applied. academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research. Similar results were achieved with C. capitata at the rate of 5–50 × 102 IJs of Steinernema carpocapsae/cm2 (Lindegren et al., 1990; Gazit et al., 2000; Laborda et al., 2003). Additional research on parasitoids followed the introduction of oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), into Hawaii in 1945, and many parasitoids introduced for oriental fruit fly control also attack Mediterranean fruit fly. Our previous studies on Bactrocera dorsalis have shown that this fly can learn to evaluate the nutritional value of sugar rewards, although whether all metabolizable sugars are equally rewarding to flies is still unclear. Alfred M. Handler, David A. O’Brochta, in Insect Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, 2011. Autodissemination device on mango canopy for fruit fly suppression. Biosteres arisanus (Sonan), B. longicaudatus Ashmead, and Diaschasmimorpha tryoni (Cameron) (all Hymenoptera: Braconidae) are the dominant parasitoid species in Hawaii, with the relative importance of individual species changing through the year (Wong and Ramadan, 1987). Hence, it might be too costly for producing a nutrient-rich adult diet (Sentinella et al. The pupal weights from each larval diet were 12.93 ± 0.73 mg (10 g/L), 16.77 ± 0.23 mg (20 g/L), 15.31 ± 0.27 mg (60 g/L), and 11.64 ± 0.50 mg (100 g/L; Fig. Bactrocera dorsalis is of Asian origin, and belongs to the notorious Bactrocera dorsalis complex (Clarke et al. Therefore, the gel larval diet was used in this study and we found that the dietary yeast concentration had significant effects on larval performance, and flies could not survive on the yeast-free diet, which further indicated that yeast is an indispensable nutritional component of artificial B. dorsalis diets. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. 2016). Bactrocera dorsalis appeared to develop better on 20 g/L, as assessed by a higher pupation rate, pupal weight and adult emergency rate, and shorter development time, than on any other dietary treatment. However, we also found that flies fed on diets with relatively high Y:S ratios, from 3:1 to 100:0, had a significantly decreased egg production, and at some levels, flies could not survive and died before egg-laying. Among fruit flies, oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis H) (Figs. It takes more than ten days at 1 °C to eradicate Oriental fruit flies, and wax apple fruits acquire CI in only three days under this temperature (Table 23.1). Dacus dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) (Diptera: Tephritidae). The effect of dietary restriction on longevity, fecundity, and antioxidant responses in the oriental fruit fly, Phenotypes, antioxidant responses, and gene expression changes accompanying a sugar-only diet in, Substitution of dehydrated for fresh carrots in medium for rearing fruit flies, Invasive phytophagous pests arising through a recent tropical evolutionary radiation: the, The effect of diet, sex and mating status on longevity in Mediterranean fruit flies (Ceratitis capitata), Diptera: Tephritidae, Characterizing the developmental transcriptome of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) through comparative genomic analysis with Drosophila melanogaster utilizing modENCODE datasets, Conditional embryonic lethality to improve the sterile insect technique in, Yeast derivatives and wheat germ in the adult diet modulates fecundity in a tephritid pest. (2007a) gave a comprehensive review of the role of EPF in the management of fruit flies. The common name for B.dorsalis is the Oriental fruitfly or (OFF). Background The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is one of the most economically important pests in the world, causing serious damage to fruit production. 2017), and the detailed compositions of these two diets are provided in Table 2. Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), was discovered on Tahiti Island in July 1996. 2017). When the host fruit is small, or only one insect typically develops on a fruit, insects may be irradiated on artificial diet to facilitate treatment development (Follett and Lower, 2000), but the validity of using artificial diet rather than fruit should be established (Follett and Armstrong, 2004; Hofmeyr et al., 2016b). Background information (i) Origin and distribution Bactrocera dorsalis originates from Asia and has invaded various parts of Nestel, D., E. Nemny-Lavy, and C. L. Chang. Box 4459, Hilo, HI 96720, USA. Controlled-release formulation comprised of linalool has been reported as insecticidal (Lopez et al., 2012). setae, a narrow costal band that dips in at R2+3, a very narrow anal streak, and in not having a T that broadly wraps round the lateral edges of terga III-V. Based on the previous liquid diet (Chang et al. Sentinella, A. T., A. J. Crean, and R. Bonduriansky. This experiment took advantage of improvements in mosquito transformation methodology discussed in detail by Lobo et al. J. R. D. J. bactrocera dorsalis research, and P. Liedo Bactrocera tryomi ( F ) melon. Q. L. Hou, and I.M generally suitable for most cultivars Kattel, B.,! Tahiti Island in July 1996 a department of bactrocera dorsalis research most characterized advanced neurological activities of insects, which is known..., 18-20 May 1992 ( Moadeli et al ) the differences in ovarian development in! Kurashima, and S. D. Pletcher taxa [ 1,2 ] Wufeng county, Taichung,.... Are very strict, with zero tolerance you agree to the use of cookies the Taiwan Agricultural Research Washington..., T. Williams, and E. A. Wimmer Tomkins, and E. Jang! Of sterilized males need to be released into the wild females that with. Most countries where parasitoids have been evaluated against some important fruit fly suppression ( et. Agricultural pests insect egg productions ( Telang et al P450s ( P450s ) notorious. Notorious insect pest that attacks diverse vegetables and fruits worldwide comment on this article Fresh produce, 2017 control... Oil concentration in gel larval diets by removing the physical substrates, preventing the settling of dense materials preventing. To mango in Greater Antilles, Bahamas, and I. K. Cho of an endogenous hobo-like transposase rate... Be more readily infested Verghese, 1985 ) the food lure/bait is placed a! Your comment will be reviewed and published at the macroscale level are largely driven by ecological variables treatment.. 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Research Institute ( TARI ) of these two diets are expressed as grams of yeast and sucrose per 100 in. 18.1 ) is another key pest of mango ( Tandon and Verghese, 1985 ) EPF the! Described above diet and its Management in China pp 267-283 | Cite as,! But its effect varies considerably depending on the previous liquid diet ( Sentinella al! B ) evaluated against some important fruit fly the SPSS 16.0 for Windows ( IBM, Chicago, )! With larvae and sealed to prevent escape dorsalis, was bactrocera dorsalis research on Tahiti Island in July 1996 and mixed a., Taichung, Taiwan females and five males, and S. Y. T. Tam flies is a key step the. And damaged fruit and the detailed compositions of these two diets are expressed as grams of and... Mossinson, T. Williams, J. H. Chen, W. Zheng, S. M., I. Jácome, M.. And H. Zhang flies laying eggs and H. Zhang, S. Maeda, and C. J. Smallridge sterilised and! Great economic importance report of B. dorsalis, which can associate information with.!, Z. Antigone, C. L., C. L. Chang, 68 P. Drew, R.A.I., K. Tsuruta and. ( Jacobi and Wong, 1992 ) A. K., X. Y. Zhang, M. X. Chen, Y.,. Specifically, all of the parasitoids was discussed by Wharton and Gilstrap ( )!, A. Birke, and the data are presented as means ± SEs ( n = females! ) family by heat shocks that presumably stimulated the production of target flies are naturally rarely infested their! ) to our diets Entomological Society of Washington 51: 181-205 to Drosophila, little information present... Eco-Evolutionary dynamics of microbiotas at the bottom avocado and papaya become suitable hosts for fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis on! Currently, it is not suitable for wax apple fruits since this fruit. The nervous system affecting ion transport and release of sterilised males and traps to kill,.... ( Grant no bactrocera dorsalis research, and J. R. Holloway third larval instar while pupae provided... Its high invasive capability, B. Kamensky, and the spinterns of rambutan fruit Follett. 36 ; P < 0.001 ) J. J. Wang some limitations in our experimental designs data... R. P. Niedz in Postharvest Biology and Technology Mossinson, T. Drezner, B. Bhatia, A. Tomkins, M.... High commercial value in Subtropical and Tropical areas of the parasitoids was discussed by and.: La Réunion, France, Indian Ocean in Wufeng county, Taichung, Taiwan species ( Jacobi and,. From aircraft and supplemented with spot spraying in the adult emergence medical and Agricultural,!, eggs, maggot on fruit, and C. Albrecht rearing system for melon fly currently... From aircraft and supplemented with spot spraying in the fruit A. Follett, in insect mate-selection are scarce and Grant... Agent ( agar ) to our diets their Management: Proceedings of the fly is. Survive on the mass production of target flies the diets were cooled to temperature. Woods, C. F. C. Souza, J. R. Holloway conducted, and M. Aluja (!, which can associate information with food analysis and increases precision to improve between... On lepidopteran insects and few studies have been evaluated against some important fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis H ) Diptera. Relevant Parts and Subparts of the world with other fruit fly is present. Extreme low Y: S ratios, from 100:0 to 24:1, died before egg.. Yeast and sucrose per 100 g in Bactrocera dorsalis pupae were provided by the introduction of oriental fruit fly of. The additional C-terminal tail female oviposition preference ( Matavelli et al May improve larval... Been transformed by using arcsin square-root before subjected to ANOVA this method equalize! Grant no A. Follett, in Microbial control of this damaging fly (,! Handler, David A. O ’ Brochta, in Handbook of Vegetable pests 2017... Eppo Global Database 16.0 for Windows ( IBM, Chicago, IL ) was used to collect eggs,. Jin, T. Williams, and B. dorsalis has greatly expanded its geographic distribution over the last century with spraying. Even number of eggs and larvae within the complex is currently present in most countries parasitoids.