Walls of Fort Macon Credits. Senator Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina, who procured the funds to build the fort. This same article on the capture of Fort Macon appeared in both The Prescott Journal and The Hudson North Star on May 7, 1862. 4.G.1.SS - Understand how human, environmental and technological factors affect the growth and development of North Carolina. Raleigh, NC 27699-1615, Contact the Park Office at least three weeks in advance. were part of the same program and could be considered sister forts of Fort Macon. There was such exetensive damage that Col. White was forced to surrender the following morning, April 26. Major General Ambrose Burnside led Federal forces through the northeastern sound region of the state in February, 1862, and finally entered the Neuse River to capture New Bern on March 14. Early in the 1800s, continued strained relations with Great Britian caused the United States government to build a national defense chain of forts for protection. Shore erosion and a hurricane in 1825 were responsible for sweeping Fort Hampton into Beaufort Inlet by 1825. By 1825, storms and the shifting inlet had washed away some 200 yards of beach, including Fort Hampton. U.S. War Department, War of Rebellion, A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 70 Volumes in 128 Parts (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901). All students are encouraged to wear closed-toe shoes for walking. However, at the bidding of North Carolina leaders, a Congressional Act on June 4, 1924, gave the fort and surrounding reservation to the state of North Carolina to be used as a public park. For specific details about each park, please visit the park website page. Al White: The Story of a Marine Grunt in the First Battle of Khe Sanh (April 1967) - Duration: 1:19:39. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and it was improved with further modification during 1841-46. Five sewers or drains carried water to a central drain in the center of the parade ground. Volume I, pages 652-54. American Prairie Filmworks Recommended for you A concise general history of Fort Macon. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and was improved with further modifications during 1841-46. Lee noted in 1840 the site of the fort was denoted by a line of breakers offshore. Droppings were carried away by the tide. "Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set" - Proverbs At the start of the Civil War, North Carolina seized Fort Macon. Fort Macon has a rich history as a Civil War site, but its story also features an ambitious doctor named Elliott Coues, whose interest in the natural surroundings helped focus attention on environmental science in and It was used in this period as a Federal prison since there were no such prison facilities in either North or South Carolina during the Reconstruction. Please check the park pages for more information about camping procedures. Volume I, pages 489- 491; 499-511. From this time until 1861, it was intermittently occupied by troops, engineer detachments making repairs and improvements, or ordnance sergeants acting as caretakers. Construction of the fort that now stands began in 1826. The lack of funds and the usual bureaucracy kept any work from being done until about 1934. Swim beaches and areas are closed. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. As a result of congressional economizing, the fort was actively garrisoned only from 1834-1836, 1842-1844 and 1848-1849. For campgrounds with 24-hour access, please observe the Night-Time Public Closure Period guidelines and do not leave the campground between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. North Carolina leaders recognized the need for coastal defenses to prevent future attacks and began efforts to construct forts. Rooms have fireplaces, two holes in ceiling for ventilation, and outer windows which are in reality rifle loopholes and gun ports. Cost of construction was $463,790. After World War II, the fort again became a state park. Finally, in 1903, the U.S.Army completely abandoned the fort. Picnic shelters and group campsites that accommodate less than 50 people are open. Burnside wanted to have Beaufort Harbor in his possession for the use of his own supply ships, as well as the ships of the Federal Navy. The eastern point of Bogue Banks was determined to be the best location from which a fort might guard the entrance to Beaufort Inlet. Fort Macon was initially purchased by the state of North Carolina in 1924, and with the exception of being garrisoned during World War II, it has been a state park ever since. The fort had been hit 560 times by artillery fire. 1615 Mail Service Center This ambitious undertaking involved the construction of thirty-eight new, permanent coastal forts known as the Third System. Indeed, Beaufort was captured and plundered by the Spanish in 1747, and again by the British in 1782. Rather than be blown up by their own gunpowder, the garrison had little choice but to surrender. The trail runs for a 3.3 mile loop through wooded forest, boardwalks through salt marsh, and peaceful natural beaches. Chief Engineers who were responsible for constructing the fort were Lieutenant William Eliason, Captain John L. Smith and Lieutenant George Dutton, U.S. Army Engineers. Federal forces continued to occupy Fort Macon through the remainder of the war. Some 9.2 million bricks were used. White, of Mississippi. Fort Macon Looking over the fort's moat at the sally port. Standing tall for over 200 years, Fort Macon is a tenacious symbol for the Crystal Coast running along the Atlantic Ocean to the East of North Carolina. (North Carolina was one of three states requiring this arrangement.). Five-sided Fort Macon is constructed of brick and stone. XXVII (April, 1950), pages 163-77. History Macon was founded on the site of the Ocmulgee Old Fields, where the Creek Indians lived in the 18th century. The War Between the States began on April 12, 1861, and only two days elapsed before local North Carolina militia forces from Beaufort arrived to seize the fort for the state of North Carolina and the Confederacy. Defend the Harbor against hostile warships and sea attack. The stairways provided added protection against shellfire. The fort was constructed as part of a chain of forts which were built along the eastern seaboard between 1817-1865. Troops were quartered in the fort and in barracks outside. Seventeen guns were knocked out or damaged. This in turn was emptied by a pipe into the ditch under the bridge. Take a journey into time as students learn the exciting history of Fort Macon, which will include the construction of the fort, the Civil War battle of Fort Macon, and the eventual creation of North Carolina’s first functioning state park. The turning point of the battle came when a Federal signal officer in Beaufort noticed this fact and signalled range correction to the batteries. After 1903 the fort was abandoned for years. The prisoners were mostly Government prisoners with an occasional civil prisoner (such as a murderer or rapist) thrown in. Fort Macon is a Third System fort designed by Brigadier General Simon Bernard and built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1826 and 1834. The purple-gray stone used for stairways and coping on walls is Connecticut Freestone. For about 11 years during this era, since there were no state or federal penitentiaries in the military district of North and South Carolina, Fort Macon was used as a civil and military prison, until 1876. Paul R. Branch Jr. has served as a park ranger and historian at Fort Macon State Park for more than 30 years. The Battle of Fort Macon was fought there during March and April 1862. One Federal killed, three wounded. Walter Clark (ed. The most prisoners confined here at one time was 120, and the west wing was used mainly for their quarters. Fort Macon was part of a massive coastal defense program launched by President James Monroe to protect the coast without having to maintain a large navy. On October 1, 1946, the Army returned the fort and the park to the state. Camping reservations must be done online. Fort Macon was deactivated after 1877 only to be regarrisoned by state troops once again during the summer of 1898 for the Spanish-American War. Robert E. Lee, a captain of Army Engineers, visited the fort in December, 1840, making a thorough inspection of it. Two ships suffered damage. A total of 54 guns were mounted for its defense (consisting of 10- and 8-inch Columbiads, also rifled and smoothbore 32- and 24-pounders). White and 400 North Carolina Confederates in the fort refused to surrender even though the fort was hopelessly surrounded. Just before the Federal attack (March, 1862), the garrison was reduced to five artillery companies, all of which were from North Carolina, and two of which were from Carteret County. 5.G.1 - Understand how human activity has and continues to shape the United States. Located on Bogue Banks near Atlantic Beach, the park opened in 1936. These men were both Northerners, so the local newspapers thought it humorous that two more “Yankees” had been gotten by a Confederate cannon ball some 80 years after the battle. Fort Macon was named for Nathaniel Macon, very prominent North Carolina statesman of that period. Once protecting the small coastal town of Beaufort from assaults by Spanish raids, pirates such as Blackbeard and even the Confederate Army, Fort Macon is now a State Park of North Carolina and has been so since 1924. Siege of Fort Macon, 29 March-26 April 1862, The final major success during General Burnsides expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862 The final major success during General Burnside’s expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. Their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. The wall of the covertway (counterscarp wall) is 12 to 15 feet high. Defense against the Spanish (when we were still an English colony); defense against the English (American Revolution and War of 1812); and defense against pirates who operated in North Carolina sounds. Volume I, pages 247-257. Fort Macon State Park. North Carolina Confederate forces occupied the fort for a year, preparing it for battle and arming it with 54 heavy cannons. Fort Macon is waiting for you! Today, Fort Macon is one of North Carolina’s most visited state parks, receiving more than a million visitors a year. Fort Macon was held by both Confederate and Union forces throughout history and Blackbeard the pirate was documented to pass alongside the fort through Beaufort Inlet Paul Branch, The Siege of Fort Macon (Morehead City, NC: Herald Printing, 1982). He was 27 years old, ranked number two in the West Point Class of 1858, and suffered from severe epilepsy. Burnside allowed the garrison members to return home on parole until exchanged. Fort Dobbs was never finished, and the inlet remained undefended during the American Revolution. Volume IX, pages 270-294. 8.G.1 - Understand the geographic factors that influenced North Carolina and the United States. The Confederates responded with at least 21 of their 54 guns which could bear on the Federal positions. On April 25, 1862, the Federal batteries opened fire on the fort. Fort Macon and the surrounding property was the second area acquired by the state for the purpose of establishing a state parks system. Two American soldiers were injured in Casemate 2 when a cannon shot they had placed in the fireplace as an andiron exploded from the heat of the fire. During the Reconstruction Era, the U.S.Army actively occupied Fort Macon until 1877. Fort Dobbs was begun in 1756 during French and Indian War, but the war ended and the fort was never completed. Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. Indoor facilities are currently not available for reservation. By 4:30 p.m., two of the fort’s powder magazines were in danger of being hit and exploded by Federal shells. Walk-up camping are available only at certain loops at Jordan Lake and Kerr Lake and at backcountry campsites with self-registration boxes at trailheads. By the 1940s the park was serving the public, thanks to their massive efforts. U.S. Navy Department, The Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of Rebellion, 30 Volumes (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1894-1927). Atlantic Beach, NC 28512 Although the troops here saw no action, the submarine war known as the “Battle of the Atlantic” was ever present. The ceilings are arched to give added strength and dissipate concussion from shells exploding on terrepleins or from guns firing in battle. Fort Macon State Park's Eliot Coues' Trail lets you hike through many diverse habitats, including the rarely-found maritime forest. fort, Fort Macon, was a part of this chain. Parke’s men captured Morehead City and Beaufort without resistance, then landed on Bogue Banks during March and April to operate against Fort Macon. Fort Macon in Carteret County, North Carolina was one of a series of forts originally built to protect the state’s main deep ocean port, known as the Beaufort Inlet. General John G. Parke, was then sent down from New Bern to capture Fort Macon. The perceived threat was from countries such as Spain and Britain, who had both invaded the port in the eighteenth century. From its completion in 1834 until the start of the U.S. Civil War in 1861 it was garrisoned for less than six years and in … Since that time, the fort has been restored by the State. The wall inside fort overlooking parade ground is 17 feet high. The ditch was defended by four “Counterfire” rooms in the covertway which swept all avenues with rifle fire and small cannon firing anti-personnel ammunition. At that time the Civilian Conservation Corps, one of the government work programs spawned by the Great Depression, began to work on the fort to counteract the years of neglect and make it presentable to the public. A good account of the Confederate occupation of Fort Macon, 1861- 62. Richard S. Barry, “Fort Macon: Its History,” North Carolina Historical Review, Work started in 1826 and lasted 8 years to 1834. The actual battle reports of the commanders involved in the Siege of Fort Macon are reprinted here. The Confederates worked feverishly to prepare the fort for battle over the next few months. Wells outside the fort provided drinking water. A Brief History of Fort Macon and Cape Lookout Military Reservation (1834 - 1903, 1941 - 1945) Earlier forts were located here, including: Fort Dobbs (1756), which was never completed, and Fort Hampton (1809). Gutters in the walls caught rain water filtering through the sand from above and piped it to the four large cisterns located in the corners below the parade ground (they could hold 22,000 gallons). Fort Macon: A History Paul Branch This is a story of Fort Macon, one of America’s most visited forts, describing the many dramatic parts it has played in our history. (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. The purpose of Fort Macon was to guard Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, the only major deep water ocean port in North Carolina. Seven Confederates were killed, eighteen wounded. Radio and communications rooms, map-plotting rooms, and so forth were housed in the fort. The Confederate force was later attacked in 1862, and the fort fell int… Fort Macon guarded Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, North Carolina’s only major deep-water ocean port. The fort was first garrisoned in December, 1834, although no guns were given for its defense until a year afterward. Naval vessels involved in the Siege of Fort Macon. For detailed information about the history of Fort Macon, visit the Friends of Fort Macon Website at www Campgrounds remain open under the order. Only one man, ordnance sergeant William Alexander, was in the fort at the time. Fort Macon Marker By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 4. This fort guarded the inlet during the subsequent War of 1812, but was abandoned after the end of the war. COVID-19 information for parks under Modified Stay at Home Order, Maintain a social distance of 6 feet, regardless of the behavior of others, Bring a mask or face covering; they are required to be worn inside buildings and when social distancing cannot be implemented, Share the trail — warn other trail users of your presence, step to the side or wait at the end of a bridge, Do not enter restrooms until others have cleared out and please be patient when staff is cleaning them, Wash or sanitize your hands before, during, and after your visit, Do not share equipment like phones or cameras with other visitors, If the park seems crowded when you arrive, come back another time, Stay at home if you are exhibiting symptoms. Construction of the present fort … 4.C.1.SS - Understand the impact of various cultural groups on North Carolina. Fort Macon, located on the eastern tip of the Bogue Banks along North Carolina's central coast, is an early-19th Century fort which has been restored as the centerpiece of one of the state's busiest State Parks. The fort had no mortars of its own and was unable to do much damage to the Federals in return. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the US Army Corps of Engineers. On April 25, 1862, Parke’s Union forces bombarded the fort with heavy siege guns for 11 hours, aided by the fire of four Union navy gunboats in the ocean offshore and by floating batteries in the sound to the east. The fort was virtually abandoned except for caretakers until 1898 when, at the outbreak of the Spanish-American war, it was occupied by a portion of the Third North Carolina Volunteers, an all-Black regiment commanded by Colonel James Young, also an African American. *Note: Works well combined with Civil War Musket Firing program. 7.G.1 - Understand how geography, demographic trends, and environmental conditions shape modern societies and regions. The fort was not even used during World War I and in 1923 it was offered for sale as surplus military property. Fort Macon: Not boring history - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. Today, Fort Macon is one of the most popular state parks in North Carolina, attracting over a million visitors each year. "Lifesavers of the Crystal Coast" DESCRIPTION Station Fort Macon's primary goals are to serve the Crystal Coast's boating public, while performing the United States Coast Guard's 11 primary missions. Federal fire was missing the fort for most of the morning due to obscuring battle smoke. Today, Fort Macon is one of North Carolina’s most visited state parks, welcoming more than 1 million visitors each year. Hospital, stables, storage buildings and quarters for some of the officers and married personnel were also located in buildings outside the fort. Finally, in 1924, the state acquired it from the Federal Government with the intentions of making it into a state park. Daniel H. Hill, Bethel to Sharpsburg, 2 Volumes (Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton Company, 1926). The fort was built in 1826 and garrisoned in 1834. A number of allied ships and one German submarine were sunk just off the coast from the fort. 2303 East Fort Macon Rd The fort had three magazines to store powder and ammunition, one located behind each of the three stairways. Finally, the garrison was reduced and the living conditions improved. It was sometimes filled with water which came up from the sound though a canal and passed under the outer wall by means of a culvert. When war began in December, 194l the fort was once again occupied by troops.The first battalion of the 244th Coastal Artillery was stationed here and later replaced by battalions from the 2nd, 54th and 246th Coast Artillery Regiments. The water was tidal. It is our mission to support Fort Macon State Park’s restoration and preservation as well as maintain and develop educational exhibits. 649 were here. Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. Fort Hawkins, birthplace of Macon, GA. Archaeology, Car shows,We are extremely proud of the new Macon - Bibb County Seal and we would like to thank Mayor Robert A.B. Volume VII, pages 277-83. A portion of one of his brigades, commanded by Brig. During 1934-1935 the Civilian Conservation Corps restored the fort and established public recreational facilities which enabled Fort Macon State Park to officially open May 1, 1936, as North Carolina’s first functioning state park. The fort “sink” was located at the head of the marsh for the big business. The fort was occupied from December, 1941, to November, 1944. Often, an ordnance sergeant acting as a caretaker was the only person stationed by the Army at the fort. General Simon Bernard was its architect. 9:00am to 5:00pm (ISBN 1.877853-45-3). Fort has outer line of defense (covertway) and an inner citadel. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. Richard A. 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