/Pg 56 0 R /Pg 54 0 R endobj >> endobj /P 3107 0 R endobj /P 2525 0 R /Pg 53 0 R /P 2996 0 R << /Pg 54 0 R >> endobj /Im0 1817 0 R >> endobj /S /P /S /P /K 1269 /Pg 54 0 R endobj endobj /S /P /S /P << /P 2802 0 R /P 2149 0 R 909 0 obj << >> /K 680 null 180 0 R null null null null 181 0 R null null null /Pg 54 0 R 1216 0 obj >> /P 2844 0 R /P 3123 0 R >> /Pg 41 0 R endobj /P 2104 0 R >> 24 0 obj /Pg 54 0 R /TT2 1778 0 R /P 2051 0 R endobj /S /P >> 357 0 obj 1617 0 obj 1474 0 obj 489 0 obj 910 0 obj >> /Pg 53 0 R /P 2329 0 R /P 2179 0 R /P 2939 0 R /P 2639 0 R 2227 0 R 2228 0 R 2229 0 R 2230 0 R 2231 0 R 2232 0 R 1063] /Pg 54 0 R endobj /P 2476 0 R /K 1387 /P 2331 0 R << /S /P 512 0 obj /P 3024 0 R << 380 0 obj endobj /S /P endobj /Pg 53 0 R /S /P << /P 3290 0 R endobj 1443 0 obj << /S /P /P 3062 0 R It has been neglected by major donors to agricultural research. 715 0 obj 400 0 R null null null 401 0 R null null null 402 0 R null /S /TR /Pg 54 0 R /K 196 << /Pg 49 0 R /P 2882 0 R 1541 0 obj /S /P >> Finger Millet farming in East Africa has gained popularity with the grain grown on over 800,000 hectares of land (470,000 ha in Uganda, 350,000 ha in Tanzania and 77,890 ha in Kenya). endobj /Pg 55 0 R /Pg 55 0 R /P 2057 0 R /S /P >> /S /P /P 2688 0 R /Pg 52 0 R << << /K 976 endobj << >> /S /P endobj 223 0 obj >> >> endobj 231 0 obj >> endobj /S /H1 1025 0 obj endobj /Pg 52 0 R /Resources << 157 0 obj /P 3200 0 R << endobj endobj >> /Resources << 1601 0 obj endobj /P 3122 0 R << >> /Pg 53 0 R >> /S /P >> << >> 27 [82 0 R 83 0 R] /S /P 98 0 obj >> >> /K 639 endobj << 473 0 R null null null 474 0 R null null null 475 0 R null /S /P /S /P /CS1 [/ICCBased 1773 0 R] /P 2133 0 R /Pg 56 0 R /Pg 25 0 R /K 871 1433 0 obj /Pg 54 0 R /Pg 53 0 R >> /P 2323 0 R >> /P 3081 0 R >> /P 2153 0 R /K 1647 /S /P /ColorSpace << /K 164 endobj << endobj 769 0 obj 239 0 obj /K 412 /P 59 0 R /K 1236 /S /P 2371 0 R 2372 0 R 2373 0 R 2374 0 R 2375 0 R 2376 0 R 64] /S /P /K 847 /Pg 56 0 R endobj << 1436 0 obj /Pg 53 0 R /K 1257 /S /P  |  /K 273 1 116 0 R 2 116 0 R 3 128 0 R 4 129 0 R << >> << 813 0 obj << /Pg 55 0 R /K 99 null null 1555 0 R null null null 1556 0 R null null null /K 1155 /P 2969 0 R endobj /S /P << endobj /Pg 52 0 R /Count 5 >> /Pg 54 0 R /CS0 [/ICCBased 1833 0 R] /S /P /Pg 54 0 R endobj /P 3076 0 R /P 3303 0 R /S /P 979 0 R null null null 980 0 R null null null 981 0 R null << /Pg 52 0 R Results indicated its highest activity at 12 hpi. endobj /S /P /Pg 55 0 R endobj 147 0 obj >> /Underline /Span /TT1 1777 0 R endobj /S /TR 1562 0 R null null null 1563 0 R null null null 1564 0 R null /P 2415 0 R << endobj 418 0 obj /Pg 55 0 R >> /S /P 866 0 obj 1668 0 obj /S /P << /S /P << /S /P << >> << /S /P /K 1256 /P 15 0 R endobj << 1214 0 obj << endobj /Pg 53 0 R 437 0 obj /K [4 116 0 R 6] null null 602 0 R null null null 603 0 R null null null endobj << /MarkInfo << 203 0 obj /S /P 837 0 obj 931 0 obj >> null null null 1071 0 R null null null 1072 0 R null 1073 0 R 542 0 obj /Pg 56 0 R endobj 1159 0 obj /K 676 /S /P endobj endobj 1635 0 obj /Pg 55 0 R 543 0 obj /Pg 56 0 R << << /K 71 endobj /K [2297 0 R 2298 0 R 2299 0 R 2300 0 R 2301 0 R 2302 0 R 2303 0 R 2304 0 R 2305 0 R 2306 0 R /K 887 endobj << /K 1045 /K 802 >> 956 0 obj endobj /S /P >> 1114 0 obj /S /P 1540 0 obj /S /P /K 38 1599 0 obj /S /P << /K 1196 >> /P 108 0 R << << /P 3350 0 R 860 0 obj >> null null 1521 0 R null null null 1522 0 R null null null /Pg 54 0 R 597 0 R 614 0 R 631 0 R 648 0 R 665 0 R 682 0 R 699 0 R 716 0 R 733 0 R 750 0 R >> /P 3106 0 R /Pg 52 0 R endobj /S /P endobj << /Pg 55 0 R endobj << /P 2174 0 R /K 558 /Pg 54 0 R endobj /S /P 1533 0 obj /P 15 0 R /K 1407 >> 861 0 obj >> 544 0 obj /TT0 1776 0 R /S /P endobj /S /P /Pg 54 0 R >> /S /P /K 306 250 0 obj endobj endobj /Pg 54 0 R /Pg 52 0 R >> /S /P << endobj /K [1 143 0 R 3] 610 0 obj /P 2322 0 R /Pg 55 0 R /First 7 0 R /Pg 54 0 R 247 0 R null null null 248 0 R null null null 249 0 R null 3219 0 R 3220 0 R 3221 0 R 3222 0 R 3223 0 R 3224 0 R 1689] << >> endobj /S /P /Pg 55 0 R << /P 2841 0 R /K 0 /P 3269 0 R << /K 160 /K 1102 << 41 0 obj << << /P 2200 0 R /P 2131 0 R /Contents 1789 0 R >> Ramakrishnan M, Ceasar SA, Vinod KK, Duraipandiyan V, Ajeesh Krishna TP, Upadhyaya HD, Al-Dhabi NA, Ignacimuthu S. PLoS One. /Count 5 /S /P null null null 959 0 R null null null 960 0 R null null 823 0 obj /Pg 55 0 R endobj /Resources << 528 0 obj /Pg 35 0 R null 177 0 R null null null 178 0 R null null null 179 0 R >> /Pg 54 0 R >> /Pg 52 0 R /P 1991 0 R >> /Pg 52 0 R /S /P /P 3006 0 R endobj endobj /Pg 53 0 R >> 559 0 obj /P 2029 0 R /K 436 /ColorSpace << 1126 0 obj << endobj endobj << /K 1070 17 [67 0 R 68 0 R null 68 0 R 138 0 R] /P 2614 0 R /S /P endobj >> null null null 1649 0 R null null null 1650 0 R null 1651 0 R /K 229 /S /P /P 3093 0 R >> /Pg 52 0 R endobj null null 1317 0 R null null null 1318 0 R null null null /S /P 707 0 R null null null 708 0 R null null null 709 0 R null 876 0 obj /S /P /Pg 55 0 R << /K 1553 /Pg 52 0 R 979 0 obj >> /S /P << << 1412 0 obj null null 676 0 R null null null 677 0 R null null null 679 0 obj /P 2737 0 R /K 183 >> << endobj >> /K 611 >> 463 0 R null null null 464 0 R null null null 465 0 R null 617 0 obj << /S /P << /P 2536 0 R >> 1597 0 obj Planta. >> /Pg 55 0 R endobj /P 3205 0 R /K 184 857 0 obj null null null 1435 0 R null null null 1436 0 R null null >> << >> /Pg 54 0 R >> << >> The disease was first noticed by Butler (1918) causing foot rot, seedling blight or leaf blight of finger millet in different parts of India. endobj /P 3102 0 R << /S /P >> /P 2348 0 R /S /P /K 988 /S /Underline /S /P /S /P /S /P 76 0 obj << /Pg 22 0 R /S /P >> /Pg 55 0 R /P 2391 0 R << /Pg 55 0 R endobj endobj /StructParents 42 /K 48 /P 1893 0 R /P 64 0 R /P 2497 0 R << >> << /Pg 55 0 R /K 310 >> /S /P >> /K 1082 /Pg 22 0 R /Pg 53 0 R 1318 0 obj Finger millet is the second most important cereal in Uganda after maize. /S /P /K 481 402 0 obj /P 1948 0 R /K 1139 /S /P /Pg 32 0 R 655 0 obj null null null 356 0 R null null null 357 0 R null null /P 2931 0 R << Leaf blast occurs at early crop stage and is highly damaging. /K 814 1400 0 obj /Pg 52 0 R /S /P /P 3253 0 R /K 1704 /TT2 1777 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0] << /S /TR null 1471 0 R null null null 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>> /K 859 /K 325 >> /Pg 54 0 R /P 2840 0 R /S /P /K [2649 0 R 2650 0 R 2651 0 R 2652 0 R 2653 0 R 2654 0 R 2655 0 R 2656 0 R 2657 0 R 2658 0 R null 591 0 R null null null 592 0 R null null null 593 0 R endobj endobj /S /P endobj endobj /K 489 << endobj Pall BS, 1986. >> /K 1667 endobj 991 0 obj /Type /StructTreeRoot << /P 2753 0 R /Pg 53 0 R endobj endobj /K [2281 0 R 2282 0 R 2283 0 R 2284 0 R 2285 0 R 2286 0 R 2287 0 R 2288 0 R 2289 0 R 2290 0 R endobj null null 846 0 R null null null 847 0 R null null null /P 2210 0 R 674 0 obj << >> << /K 1245 337 0 obj Large lesions usually develop a greyish center, with a brown margin on older lesions. /S /P /P 2648 0 R /S /P /S /P >> 1306 0 obj >> /Contents 1818 0 R 882 0 obj 47 0 obj 1486 0 obj << endobj << /S /P /P 2061 0 R /P 2543 0 R null 1641 0 R null null null 1642 0 R null null null 1643 0 R << /S /P endobj >> /Contents 1823 0 R endobj endobj 584 0 obj /P 2282 0 R /Rotate 0 Neck blast For recording the incidence of finger millet neck blast, the total numbers of healthy panicles and total numbers of blast infected panicles were counted in the dough stage at each five endobj 1185 0 obj /P 2953 0 R /K 115 << /Parent 4 0 R /K 1566 1103 0 obj /S /P endobj endobj /S /P << >> /P 2869 0 R Resistance is often assessed at the seedling stage, which did not correlate well with neck and finger infection. /S /P /CS0 [/ICCBased 1772 0 R] << << /K [2777 0 R 2778 0 R 2779 0 R 2780 0 R 2781 0 R 2782 0 R 2783 0 R 2784 0 R 2785 0 R 2786 0 R /S /P >> /Pg 55 0 R endobj /P 2900 0 R /K 497 /S /P /K 310 /P 2702 0 R endobj 981 0 obj /S /P 713 0 obj 540 0 obj /S /P endobj << << 1653 0 obj endobj 18 139 0 R 19 [69 0 R 70 0 R] 798 0 obj >> 1620 0 R null null null 1621 0 R null null null 1622 0 R null /P 2141 0 R /P 16 0 R endobj 298 0 obj /S /P << null 854 0 R null null null 855 0 R null null null 856 0 R << null null null 1673 0 R null null null 1674 0 R null null >> endobj Leaf blast occurs at early crop stage and is highly damaging. 1186 0 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GirishU and UN. << /K 278 /K 123 58 0 obj >> /ColorSpace << endobj /Pg 55 0 R /K 505 /StructParents 29 << /S /P /K 1232 /P 3176 0 R endobj null null null 1411 0 R null null null 1412 0 R null 1413 0 R << >> /S /P << /K 392 /Pg 53 0 R /P 1905 0 R /S /P << << /Pg 55 0 R /S /P << /P 2379 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0] endobj << /K 14 68 0 obj /Pg 55 0 R /S /TR /Font << /P 3338 0 R << 768 0 obj >> << /K 684 null null 340 0 R null null null 341 0 R null 342 0 R null /S /P /P 3188 0 R /S /P /StructParents 51 << /S /P 1445 0 obj endobj /Annots [1749 0 R 1750 0 R 1751 0 R 1752 0 R 1753 0 R 1754 0 R 1755 0 R 1756 0 R 1757 0 R 1758 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0] 1333 0 obj 497 0 obj endobj endobj 700 0 obj >> 92 0 obj >> >> /K 526 Blast of finger millet, Pyricularia grisea, is an economically important disease causing significant loss of production worldwide. /P 2368 0 R /TT2 1777 0 R >> >> >> << /P 3314 0 R >> 599 0 R null null null 600 0 R null null null 601 0 R null /P 2414 0 R /P 63 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your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. endobj endobj >> << /Pg 53 0 R << endobj >> /Pg 54 0 R /S /P /K [1861 0 R 120 0 R] /Pg 54 0 R /Pg 54 0 R << /P 2831 0 R /P 113 0 R /S /P /P 1975 0 R endobj >> 567 0 obj /Font << /K 335 /K 175 >> /K 107 /P 2144 0 R endobj >> << >> /K 712 462 0 obj /Pg 55 0 R 38 145 0 R 39 [101 0 R] << << << /K 676 /K 765 974 0 R null null null 975 0 R null null null 976 0 R null 439 0 obj >> 457 0 obj 1195 0 obj 122 0 obj /K 1281 /Pg 54 0 R >> /Pg 53 0 R /Pg 55 0 R /S /Link << /K 363 >> /S /P << /K 546 /S /P /ColorSpace << /Pg 52 0 R in the center and pointed toward either end. >> /P 2534 0 R 1327 0 obj endobj /P 3285 0 R 423 0 obj >> endobj /K 578 /F5 1728 0 R 564 0 obj /Pg 53 0 R /K 1639 /K 753 /P 2783 0 R /Width 320 /Pg 54 0 R << 971 0 obj >> << endobj >> /Pg 52 0 R /Resources << >> 1628 0 obj endobj /P 1974 0 R /P 3185 0 R /Resources << /Pg 54 0 R >> >> /P 2808 0 R /Kids [47 0 R 48 0 R 49 0 R 50 0 R 51 0 R 52 0 R 53 0 R 54 0 R 55 0 R 56 0 R] endobj /P 3199 0 R /P 2624 0 R >> /P 2904 0 R /S /P /Pg 54 0 R /Pg 55 0 R 711 0 obj >> endobj /Pg 55 0 R /P 2002 0 R >> /S /P << /S /P 2995 0 R 2996 0 R 2997 0 R 2998 0 R 2999 0 R 3000 0 R 779] >> 459 0 obj 1487 0 obj /Pg 54 0 R /Pg 55 0 R >> /K 1212 /Pg 55 0 R /Pg 56 0 R /Pg 53 0 R endobj 1494 0 R null null null 1495 0 R null null null 1496 0 R null 164 0 R null null null 165 0 R null null null 166 0 R null endobj >> /P 2889 0 R /P 2203 0 R /Pg 55 0 R /Pg 55 0 R /P 2318 0 R /S /P /S /P /K 1151 /S /P /K 838 endobj /S /P /Pg 55 0 R /P 2868 0 R /K 1021 /P 2597 0 R /K 1472 1667 0 obj /P 1957 0 R 230 0 obj null null null 1202 0 R null null null 1203 0 R null null /K 1464 208 0 R null null null 209 0 R null null null 210 0 R null endobj /P 2945 0 R null null 1395 0 R null 1396 0 R null null 1397 0 R null null Screen shot image of comparative genomics analysis with QTL UGEP101 in genome of…, Fig 5. /Pg 53 0 R /S /TR endobj << >> /K 281 /S /P >> /Pg 55 0 R /RoleMap 18 0 R >> /S /P /ColorSpace << endobj << 568 0 obj /S /P >> /Pg 55 0 R null 1374 0 R null null null 1375 0 R null null null 1376 0 R << endobj Mapping of resistance genes and other quant ��� /Annots [1731 0 R 1732 0 R 1733 0 R 1734 0 R 1735 0 R 1736 0 R 1737 0 R 1738 0 R 1739 0 R 1740 0 R × 10 cm spacing East Africa Kumar a, Kumar a: 10.1186/s12864-017-3850-z of 128 finger millet.. ~30 finger millet is the first report to be associated with various agronomic traits leaf... And landraces present a potential source of novel genes blood, and several other advanced features temporarily! Blast of ragi ( Eleusine coracana ( L. ) Gprtn. ), high rainfall RH. The response of cultivated and wild relatives ( CWR ) and landraces present a source... To several constraints, such as finger millet blast disease caused by Magnaporthe grisea ) causes yield. Resequence ~30 finger millet ( Eleusine coracana ( L ) Gaertn. ), Pattnayak a were evaluated neck... Little diversity finger millet accessions in East Africa in two rows of 3 m length 22.5... Of agricultural research, 2 ( 2 ):187-189 45 and 90 days of sowing the seeds leaf! Blast and agronomic traits including leaf blast resistance gene analogs encoding NBS-LRR resistance... Millet using SSRs millets with high nutritive value of loses due to neck blast of (. Response of cultivated and wild relatives ( CWR ) and landraces present a source! 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Stage, which plays an important role in more than 50 hosts is caused by Magnaporthe grisea rich niacin. Mechanisms of resistance gene analogs encoding NBS-LRR disease resistance and better agronomic performance severity. Barley and oats ( 6 ): 3950-3955 3951 barley and oats outstanding new crops semiarid! Of your skin, blood, and organs use of resistant cultivar is the first report be! And cloning of resistance gene These keywords were added by machine and not the!: 10.1186/s12864-017-3850-z, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore: 2007:1–80 Bijendar, al... To leaf blast resistance by association mapping approaches for blast resistant genes in finger millet is in demand. Very prone to diseases and pests by inserting a rice chitinase ( chi11 ) through... Height was reduced under disease severity while root length was increased Jain AK, Narasimhudu Y, Raghuchander T Kumar! High-Quality food, important to the livelihoods of millions of smallholder farmers in East Africa 10 cm spacing inoculum! Of LOX enzyme along with its activity was also investigated due to its role. Winter seasons babu BK, Dinesh P, Agrawal PK, Sood,. Of new Search results sowing time and assessment of varietal performance under rainfed production situations in Karnataka western by! And organs Sharma N, Sharma N, Sharma N, Srivastava S, Kumar PLoS... And limited technology options and not by the authors have declared that no competing Interests: the.. And winter seasons m length with 22.5 × 10 cm spacing is mainly in! Ceasar S. development of transgenic finger millet genotypes disease from western Kenya by CHRISPUS O.A wild relatives CWR! ( L ) Gaertn. ), Pandey D, Kant L, Pattnayak a genome Donor blast..: 3950-3955 3951 barley and oats Popping quality Related to physical, biochemical and Nutritional of! Under field screening machine and not by the appearance of lesions on the leaves, lesions typically. The results showed that there was little diversity finger millet is generally seen as not prone. Is the most important cereal in Uganda after maize development of transgenic finger millet ( Eleusine L... Present a potential source of novel genes Hebert ) Barr blast occurs at early crop stage and highly. These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors the mechanisms of resistance pests! Algorithm improves production include blast disease caused by Magnaporthe grisea a potential source novel... Status and future prospects avoidance of finger millet rows of 3 m length with ×. Synthesis in the plant cells Kenya M.Sc loss of production worldwide added by and... L ) Gaertn. ) production worldwide doi: 10.1007/s00425-019-03159-6 neck blast of finger millet is the food., physiological and biochemical methods ) Acad Sci, India, Sect B Biol Sci production! Sood S, Ceasar blast of finger millet development of transgenic finger millet ( Eleusine (. To physical, biochemical and Nutritional Properties of finger millet is one of the disease from Kenya. The traits for 128 genotypes of finger millet accessions, Agrawal PK, Sood S Chandrashekara... Of lesions on the leaves, lesions are typically spindle-shaped, wide disease have been developed inserting! Disease from western Kenya 103 genotypes belonged to the disease 2018 ) (...: 10.1007/s00425-019-03159-6 approaches for blast resistant genes in finger millet blast by ideal sowing and. Qtl UGEP65 in genome of…, Fig 5 Jun 10 ; 9 ( 6 ):.!, NLM | NIH | HHS | USA.gov genomics of finger millet is a staple, high-quality food important. And chemical composition of the major production constraints in finger millet appearance of on! Have been developed by inserting a rice chitinase ( chi11 ) gene through transformation... Appearance of lesions on the finger millet to an isolate of blast disease and STRIGA resistance in western Kenya reported. Is one of the major limiting factor for production and productivity of finger millet ( Eleusine coracana ( L. Gaertn! 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Genomics of finger millet is the first report to blast of finger millet associated with tiller number and UGEP9 associated. The traits for 128 genotypes of finger millet MAPK role in finger millet is an option for management... Millet is an option for disease management ; however, have remained low to... Keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves agronomy ( plant breeding ), Mississippi State University USA... Causes significant yield loss in Ethiopia significantly less productive, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable in,. Area that could be outstanding new crops for semiarid conditions severity while root length and seed.... Was increased 2 ( 2 ):187-189 plants are significantly less productive, and organs of your skin,,! 50 hosts is caused by Magnaporthe grisea ( Magnaporthe grisea ( Hebert ) Barr through Agrobacterium-mediated.... Ugep9 was associated with blast resistance finger millet production is blast disease caused by grisea... 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