In most markets, pure red colors command the highest prices and ruby with overtones of orange and purple are less valued. The most valuable ruby gemstones are a dark red known as blood red or pigeon blood. Prized for their beauty, durability, and rarity, it is the quality of the color which most determines the value of rubies. These rubies are the most prized and valuable of all rubies. Courtesy: Hussain Rezayee, Rare Gems & Minerals. It is a rock-forming mineral.It is also a naturally transparent material, but can have different colors depending on the presence of transition metal impurities in its crystalline structure. They might fashion flattened ruby rough into shallow stones, even though light escapes through flattened pavilions, causing an unattractive see-through area in the stone called a window. The following are … In the 1960s, rubies were discovered in East Africa. For better-quality material, slight differences in color can make significant differences in value. Depending on a ruby’s color, the value of it can be from poor to premium. There are also cultural differences in the interpretation of ruby versus pink sapphire. Combining Pearls and Yellow Gold – The Top Jewellery Trends for Winter 2020, The Most Popular Earring Styles According to Instagram. Clarity & Luster Ruby is gem-quality red corundum. Historically, the term “pigeon’s blood” described the red to slightly purplish or pinkish red color of rubies with a soft, glowing, red fluorescence. Some gem dealers debate the borderline between ruby and pink sapphire. All rights reserved. Color-Change Sapphire. The Difference Between Pink Sapphire and Ruby. In May of 2015, Sotheby’s Geneva hosted a sale that offered a one-of-a-kind Pigeon Blood Mogok Burmese ruby that managed to break all records when it sold for over $30 million and for over $1 million a carat. These rubies were all mined in Myanmar (formerly known as Burma). - Photo: Robert Weldon/GIA. Historically, the word ruby referred to shades of red, which technically included pink. Having graduated university with a BA in English Literature and an MA in Creative Writing Bethany then joined the AC Silver team as a content creator. However, ruby colors range from lighter, bright red to deep, reddish-brown. This adds softness to the color and spreads the color more evenly across the ruby’s crown. Although, don’t be mistaken, it still knows how to make an impression. The most valuable blue sapphires have a slight violet or purple hue to them, this deepens the blue color. Dark and violet red rubies come principally from Thailand. This example weighs 950 carats and also exists in its raw form, not having been processed into gems. VAT: GB 500 0310 42, Get the latest updates on new products and upcoming sales, By clicking Submit you agree to our Privacy Policy and allow AC Silver to contact you about new items. red, pink etc. Naturally, there is something of a value system for all precious gemstones. The per-carat price of ruby can also increase dramatically as size increases, especially for better-quality stones. In ruby it typically appears as red to purplish red in one crystal direction and orangy red in the other. If the temptation of a Burmese ruby is too much to take, explore the ruby category of our website. However, a highly valuable, expensive ruby would be opaque, with high saturation, a red hue, and a tone that creates a rich, but very obviously red colour. So, what made the Sunrise ruby more valuable than the Prince of Burma or the Liberty Bell? The combination of Burmese origins with the colour described as ‘pigeon blood red’ is what makes a ruby the most valuable of its kind. Cutters can minimize the orangy red color by orienting the table facet perpendicular to the long crystal direction. The ruby, along with the sapphire, is in the corundum group. This is a rare variety of sapphire and it shows different colors under different light. It’s all about colour. The more the ruby’s color is strictly red, the more valuable it is. Emeralds are often considered the next most valuable, followed by rubies and sapphires. Colors range from pink red ruby to a vivid pigeon blood red that is regarded as the finest color for ruby. The finest ruby has a pure, vibrant red to slightly purplish red color. April 2016 a 15.99ct oval-cut Burmese ruby ring, made by Verdura, sold for $14.16 million at Christie’s New York. Another valuable Sapphire type is the very scarce, orange-pink Padparadscha. To learn to judge color saturation , look at the red objects around you and ask yourself which ones look the brightest and which look the most drab. Furthermore, there is the Prince of Burma ruby. It set a record as the most expensive colored gemstone ever sold at a US jewelry auction. The presence of rutile silk causes light to scatter across facets that might otherwise be too dark. In the case of rubies, light tones result in pink/orange gems, while dark tones create deep red, almost black colours within the stone. Whether you consider rubies an ominous stone, suited to witches and sorcery, or if you think of luxury, sophistication, and splendour when considering the stone – everyone has at one point coveted it. Purchased anonymously during a 2015 auction in Geneva, the final listing price for the Sunrise ruby was a staggering $30.42 million. Rough: Gift of William F. Larson. Color is the most significant factor affecting a ruby’s value. The color must be neither too dark nor too light to be considered finest quality. The quality of a ruby is determined by its color, cut, and clarity, which, along with carat weight, affect its value. Red ruby. In most markets, pure red colors command the highest prices and ruby with overtones of orange and purple are less valued. Ruby rough is very expensive, so many cutters try to conserve as much weight as possible. Several factors affect the cut and proportion of rubies on the market. Today, rubies are still regarded as valuable because of their beautiful red color, hardness and rarity. The most valuable among its different variations of colors would be the so-called ‘blood-red’ or ‘pigeon blood’, which characterizes the brightness of its color. Inclusions can also limit a ruby’s durability. Well there are two explanations for this. A ‘silky’, pigeon blood red ruby from the mines of Burma can set you back millions if it’s large enough. They might fashion flattened ruby rough into shallow stones, even though light escapes through flattened pavilions, causing an unattractive see-through area in the stone called a window. The mixture of these untreated and heat-treated rubies show a range of darker and brighter red colors. However, there is some controversy around the working conditions in the mines from which these gemstone originate. Stones lighter than this are called pink sapphire. The color comes from traces of chromium. However, size isn’t everything. If large and prominent inclusions are located under the table facet, they greatly diminish the transparency, brilliance, and value of the stone. They are all beautiful, but why are some more expensive than others? By closing this banner or using this site you agree to our revised Privacy Notice, Terms of Service and Cookie Policy. Even the most sought after blood-red rubies have a blue hue to them and are called “Pigeon’s Blood Ruby” or “Burmese Ruby.” All rights reserved. So, perhaps emeralds aren’t all that after all. The world’s largest mined ruby, the Liberty Bell Ruby, was discovered in the … Raw gemstone carved into the shape of the Liberty Bell, and adorned with 50 diamonds, the Liberty Bell Ruby would certainly be counted amongst the most valuable rubies in the world. Ruby is distinguished for its bright red color, being the most famed and fabled red gemstone. All other gems were referred to as semi-precious. Why is a purplish red ruby the most expensive type you ask? The ruby, orignated from Mogok in Myanmar, Burma. The blue sapphire is the birthstone for September. When they are intact, they prove the ruby was not heat-treated at very high temperatures. Traditional descriptions like these are useful for evoking images and describing color among professionals. Ruby is a dark red or reddish pink that is inspired by the color of ruby gemstones. Pidgeon blood rubies contain spots of blue or purple in them, making your find incredibly valuable. An exotic type of sapphire also called the Color Changing Sapphire, displays different colors depending on … This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Terms of Service apply. Bethany spends her days writing content for the AC Silver blog and other luxury goods/antique blogs. GIA is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization. Ruby is the red variety of the mineral Corundum. Burma Ruby is the rarest and most valuable member of the corundum family. The faceted stone weighs 11.55 carats and the rough stones weigh between 16.65 carats and 278.50 carats. It’s still possible that lower-temperature heat treatment might have occurred. Bethany Massey – Digital Assistant (Content Creator). An illustration of how color affects the value of ruby. Rubies are among the most valuable gemstones in the world and they are often referred to as ‘King of Gemstones’ by collectors. Corundum has two primary gem varieties: ruby and sapphire. Discover the meaning and history of ruby, the July birthstone, and where it can be found. Weighing 25.59 carats, the Sunrise ruby is comparatively quite modest. The saturation is linked to how translucent or opaque the stone is, with opaque examples having a higher value. Sapphires over 5 carats, clean and with good blue color, are similarly rare and also valuable. The color must be neither too dark nor too light to be considered finest quality. The ‘best’ place a ruby can originate from is Burma. Let that sink in for a moment. Clarity plays an important role as well. 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