These requirements apply to facilities and services in the pedestrian environment and in transport related infrastructure: bus stations and stops, airports and rail stations [footnote 1] for example. The width of the seat should be 500mm. Application: should be used at all off-street rail platforms, including heavy rail, light rail and underground (but not at on-street platforms). The distance that an individual can reach varies with both the size of the person and the height to which they are reaching. Good lighting in the transport and pedestrian environment is important from several points of view personal security, safety, the ability to see signs and instructions. The stopping accuracy of a lift is important because, if inaccurate, it could prevent a wheelchair user accessing the lift or trip an ambulant user. Glass used in a door must be safety glass. The same minimum height (1000mm) applies to other freestanding objects such as raised flowerbeds, which should also be designed with rounded edges. Handrails should be supported centrally on the underside so there is no obstruction to the passage of the hand along the rail. Many guidelines advocate the use of colour / tonal contrasted marking to identify street furniture, railing or boarding around street works, scaffolding, tactile paving surfaces and so on (it may not be appropriate to use such treatments in historic areas. Training should be tailored to the particular job function, but in general programmes should include (as appropriate): barriers faced by disabled people, including attitude, environment and organization, suggestions for removing barriers faced by disabled people, information on the range of disabilities, including hidden disabilities, the skills needed for assisting disabled travellers. Where a fully enclosed shelter is used allowance must be made for manoeuvring space for wheelchair users both into and within the shelter. ↩, See Train and Station Services for Disabled Passengers, Strategic Rail Authority, 2002. Manual wheelchair users need sufficient space to be able to propel the chair without banging their elbows or knuckles on door frames or other obstacles. CCTV cameras placed in tunnels will enhance security and should be located so as to provide full coverage. The improvement of bus stops and the introduction of low-floor wheelchair-accessible buses should be, as they already are in some places, the subject of partnership agreements between local authorities and bus operators. Application: the surface can be used to draw attention to facilities such as bus stops, help points, telephone kiosks, post-box, tactile or talking information board, entrances to civic amenities, cash dispensers, etc. Where real-time information of this type is provided, the screen should be shielded from direct sunlight (see also Section 10.1.6). ↩, Shopmobility services are now found in many town centres and can provide wheelchairs and personal assistance for disabled people when they travel round the centre. Any equipment such as vending machines should be placed clear of the unobstructed space along the platform and should be marked by contrasting colour and tone. With this in mind, it would be helpful if the name / location of the bus stop could be included either on the flag or in a prominent position on the bus shelter. A wheelchair ramp will comply with Part M of Building Regulations if it; Has a non-slip surface. This section covers changes in level [footnote 6]. on Even a single step will prevent access for the great majority of wheelchair users (and be a trip hazard for others), so alternatives must be provided; either ramps or lifts. Ramp surfaces must be slip resistant and non-reflective. Bright, well-lit premises will encourage the use of public transport and lighting that eliminates dark areas or corners will give a greater feeling of security to passengers. Ensuring that there is sufficient width (1000mm between handrails) on walkways and ramps that is not impacted by intrusions such as door handles, signs and shelves. Where there are places that will be used by disabled people, such as residential care homes, day centres etc, bus stops should be sited as close as possible and should have a pedestrian crossing (with dropped kerb) in reasonable proximity. As a general rule it is suggested that the letter height should be at least 1% of the distance at which the message will usually be read, subject to a minimum height of 22mm. While it is true that there are many aspects of design in the pedestrian environment that are helpful to all or most disabled people (and many others as well) there are also some specific facilities needed by people with a particular kind of impairment. A considerable amount of research has been undertaken on the design of signage and printed material. The recommendations include: Reading rate: there is a wide range in individual reading rates from around 125 words per minute up to 500 to 600. The roof of the shelter should not just cover the information board, but also people who are reading it and the roof should be at least 2100mm from the ground so that it is not a hazard for blind or partially sighted people. There should also be an upstand a minimum of 150mm in height at the rear of the paved area, which can then act as a tapping rail for long cane users as well as a safeguard for wheelchair users. In some circumstances (where there is sufficient space) protection can be given by a warning surface which extends out from the obstacle. Many manual wheelchair users would probably not be able to manage these distances unaided, though what constitutes a reasonable maximum length is not known; this is an area where further research is needed. There should also be a 1200mm wide safety zone at the vehicle access end of each bay to provide boot access or for use of a rear hoist. Timetable information should be provided at as many bus stops as is feasible. Voice activated information systems will assist people with visual impairments and learning difficulties. It should take account of the needs of stock and crutch users. Urinals should include one stall with a lower rim (maximum 430mm from the floor), for use by people of restricted growth and children. The diameter of the door handle or bar is recommended as 30mm to 35mm. Care should be taken to ensure that VMS information is accurate and up-to-date. The intercom unit should be mounted at a height of 1100mm from the floor this height being chosen so that there is no visual barrier between the employee in the ticket office and the passenger. Passenger lifts that are provided to evacuate disabled people in an emergency must have an independent power supply and meet the relevant recommendations of BS 5588. d. Position the top of the handrails at a height of 900mm to 1000mm above the surface of the ramp. Shelters should incorporate a bench, platform or horizontal rails to rest against at a height of about 580mm. Since 1996, it has been unlawful for service providers to treat disabled people less favourably than other people for a reason related to their disability. It should be noted that the surface is not recommended for raised bus stops. The provision of set down/pickup points for private cars should include specific provision for disabled car users, who should have priority over other car users if space is limited. At least one Help Point (for information and use in an emergency) should be provided on each platform with controls (raised push buttons) and communication link at a height that can be reached by wheelchair users (around 1200mm ). Tactile paving as a platform edge warning should be set back a minimum of 500mm from platform edge. The DfTs Mobility and Inclusion Unit can give advice both on specific aspects of designing for accessibility and on appropriate national organizations concerned with disability (see Useful Addresses for further details). One possible approach to this is, where a lengthy ramp is necessary, to design more frequent landings and lesser slopes for each successive segment. Where the lift has centreopening doors, the control panel should be located on the right hand side when entering the cabin. US regulations specify the numbers of wheelchair spaces in public places with fixed seating as one space where there are 4 to 25 fixed seats, two spaces where there are 26 to 50 fixed seats, four spaces (minimum) above this. As with overall length, scooter users gave slightly greater figures, with a mean height of 1340mm , 5th and 95th percentiles of 1202mm and 1438mm respectively and a maximum of 1502mm. It is also recommended that a 5 second notification time should be given that the lift is answering a landing call. Is 1.5m wide with a … Following on from consultation, the direct involvement of disabled people participation in the development and testing of accessible features will be of value in again ensuring that what is provided does meet disabled peoples needs. The ticket booth should have clear space below for wheelchair users. The table in Section 2.4 illustrates the comparatively short distances disabled people can manage without undue discomfort. Timetable and information displays should be located between 900mm and 1800mm in height. Examples of appropriate typefaces for signs include New Johnston (used by London Underground) Rail Alphabet (designed for British Rail), Futura, Folio, Helvetica, Standard, Airport and DfT Transport Heavy and Medium (expressly designed for clarity for traffic signs). The following paragraphs give some basic information on the space needed by people when they are standing or moving. The width of platform is influenced by the (maximum) number of passengers using it, but should have a minimum of 2000mm clear space in addition to the width of the safety zone(s) and a further 1000mm for service traffic. Doors should be fitted with a kick plate, 400mm in depth at the bottom of the door and, where they are made of glass or other translucent material, should have contrast colour banding in accordance with the standards given in Section 3.9 or a logo or other decorative symbol with minimum dimensions 150mm by 150mm set at eye level. Tactile indicators should not be considered as a substitute for audible signals as they are required by different people, although some will benefit from both. The information provided on this display should also include directions to and distance of the nearest public telephone, with the display itself including the bus operating companys telephone number and textphone number. Rail and most bus timetables use a 24-hour format, so this format should also be used for clocks. Grab Rails are designed to improve user safety and help with mobility in a variety of tasks in the bathroom and around the home. Bins should be colour contrasted to their surroundings. More specific needs, however, can be just as important for people with certain types of impairment. The Royal National Institute for Deaf People (RNID) estimates that there are over eight million deaf or hard of hearing people in the UK of whom approaching 700,000 are severely or profoundly deaf, reaching, stretching and dexterity, frequently the result of arthritis, which can make these movements painful and difficult, or of muscular dystrophy causing a loss of muscular strength, or of complaints of the nervous system, learning disability, making it hard to understand complicated information or to use complex machines (like some ticket machines). The handrail alongside the ramp will be at a vertical height of 900mm to the top of the rail and extend horizontally for 300mm past the end of the ramp. The sign should not extend more than 150mm beyond the supporting posts. Details of these surfaces are given in Section 4 of this Guide. Local consultation on the proposed layout should be held to avoid any risk of confusion. The Social Model of Disability views disability as something which is imposed on people with impairments whatever the nature of those impairments by the way society places barriers to equality. May 2nd, 2015 at 9:22 pm in Accessibility & Disability, Tips and Product Guides, Wheelchair Ramps. There is also a summary card listing the dimensions given in the text. Ramp Design Regulations NOTE 1 Ramps might be required for use by persons without disabilities, for example, persons pushing trolleys who require ramps as an alternative to stepped access. On landings the top of the handrail should be between 900mm and 1100mm from the surface. Some telephones, including text payphones, should be positioned 260mm lower than the standard height (ie at 1040mm to the top of the unit instead of 1300mm ). At the same point, directions to a suitable alternative parking area must be displayed. In many places ramps (defined as a gradient of more than 1 in 20) will provide the alternative access to stairs for wheelchair users. US guidelines, for example, specify a minimum (capital) letter height of 75mm for overhead signs and a general ratio of text height to reading distance of 1:60 or approximately 1.7 per cent. If more than one flight is needed, there must be rest places between the flights. As described in Section 3.2, most guidelines specify 5 per cent (1 in 20) as the preferred gradient and 8 per cent (1 in 12) as the absolute maximum acceptable. The clear width of the door(s) once open should preferably be 1200mm ; 900mm is the minimum acceptable. You can change your cookie settings at any time. However, there are obvious advantages in incorporating access improvements into planned work programmes wherever possible. Such access, either by dropped kerb or raised road crossing must be provided at all Zebra and controlled crossings and at other places side roads, access points to parking areas etc used by pedestrians. A yellow or light green on black display is preferred to red on black as it is easier to read. The Guide also contains a graph showing the relationship between character size and reading distance. Where seating is provided in a shelter, sufficient clear space should be left for use by a wheelchair passenger. While it is preferable to have at grade crossings wherever it is safe and feasible, there are places where a bridge or underpass has to be provided. 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