**1. Real Numbers**

- 1.1 Introduction
- 1.2 Euclid’s Division Lemma
- 1.3 The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic
- 1.4 Revisiting Irrational Numbers
- 1.5 Revisiting Rational Numbers and Their Decimal Expansions
- 1.6 Summary

**2. Polynomials**

- 2.1 Introduction
- 2.2 Geometrical Meaning of the Zeroes of a Polynomial
- 2.3 Relationship between Zeroes and Coefficients of a Polynomial
- 2.4 Division Algorithm for Polynomials
- 2.5 Summary

**3. Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables**

- 3.1 Introduction
- 3.2 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
- 3.3 Graphical Method of Solution of a Pair of Linear Equations
- 3.4 Algebraic Methods of Solving a Pair of Linear Equations
- 3.4.1 Substitution Method
- 3.4.2 Elimination Method
- 3.4.3 Cross-Multiplication Method

- 3.5 Equations Reducible to a Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
- 3.6 Summary

**4. Quadratic Equations**

- 4.1 Introduction
- 4.2 Quadratic Equations
- 4.3 Solution of a Quadratic Equation by Factorisation
- 4.4 Solution of a Quadratic Equation by Completing the Square
- 4.5 Nature of Roots
- 4.6 Summary

**5. Arithmetic Progressions**

- 5.1 Introduction
- 5.2 Arithmetic Progressions
- 5.3 nth Term of an AP
- 5.4 Sum of First n Terms of an AP
- 5.5 Summary

**6. Triangles**

- 6.1 Introduction
- 6.2 Similar Figures
- 6.3 Similarity of Triangles
- 6.4 Criteria for Similarity of Triangles
- 6.5 Areas of Similar Triangles
- 6.6 Pythagoras Theorem
- 6.7 Summary

**7. Coordinate Geometry**

- 7.1 Introduction
- 7.2 Distance Formula
- 7.3 Section Formula
- 7.4 Area of a Triangle
- 7.5 Summary

**8. Introduction to Trigonometry**

- 8.1 Introduction
- 8.2 Trigonometric Ratios
- 8.3 Trigonometric Ratios of Some Specific Angles
- 8.4 Trigonometric Ratios of Complementary Angles
- 8.5 Trigonometric Identities
- 8.6 Summary

**9. Some Applications of Trigonometry**

- 9.1 Introduction
- 9.2 Heights and Distances
- 9.3 Summary

**10. Circles**

- 10.1 Introduction
- 10.2 Tangent to a Circle
- 10.3 Number of Tangents from a Point on a Circle
- 10.4 Summary

**11. Constructions**

- 11.1 Introduction
- 11.2 Division of a Line Segment
- 11.3 Construction of Tangents to a Circle
- 11.4 Summary

**12. Areas Related to Circles**

- 12.1 Introduction
- 12.2 Perimeter and Area of a Circle — A Review
- 12.3 Areas of Sector and Segment of a Circle
- 12.4 Areas of Combinations of Plane Figures
- 12.5 Summary

**13. Surface Areas and Volumes**

- 13.1 Introduction
- 13.2 Surface Area of a Combination of Solids
- 13.3 Volume of a Combination of Solids
- 13.4 Conversion of Solid from One Shape to Another
- 13.5 Frustum of a Cone
- 13.6 Summary

**14. Statistics**

- 14.1 Introduction
- 14.2 Mean of Grouped Data
- 14.3 Mode of Grouped Data
- 14.4 Median of Grouped Data
- 14.5 Graphical Representation of Cumulative Frequency Distribution
- 14.6 Summary

**15. Probability**

- 15.1 Introduction
- 15.2 Probability — A Theoretical Approach
- 15.3 Summary

**Appendix A1. Proofs in Mathematics**

- A1.1 Introduction
- A1.2 Mathematical Statements Revisited
- A1.3 Deductive Reasoning
- A1.4 Conjectures, Theorems, Proofs and Mathematical Reasoning
- A1.5 Negation of a Statement
- A1.6 Converse of a Statement
- A1.7 Proof by Contradiction
- A1.8 Summary

**Appendix A2. Mathematical Modelling**

- A2.1 Introduction
- A2.2 Stages in Mathematical Modelling
- A2.3 Some Illustrations
- A2.4 Why is Mathematical Modelling Important?
- A2.5 Summary